The early history of the Incas is not well known. Legend has it that brothers and sisters were sent to earth by their father the sun to rule and teach the people. The Cuzco region was occupied by a tribe or group of tribes that were the Incas ancestors of the Incas. They began expanding and ruling neighboring groups around 1200.
The ninth Inca ruler, Pachacuti, began the empire around 1438 when he stopped an invasion from the Chanca confederacy. The first Inca ruler to be both an able administrator and military leader was Pachacuti. He expanded the empire by conquering the region south of Cuzco. Then he rebuilt the city and making it a monument to Inca power as well as the center of the empire. Inca social and political life was also reorganized by Pachacuti.
The EmpireThis is a picture of Macchu Picchu
The Spanish Conquest
Shortly after Huascar was captured by Athualpa's army in 1532 Francisco
Pizarro, the Spanish explorer, arranged to meet with Athualpa in Cajamarca,
Peru. When Athualpa arrived in Cajamarca he was ambushed by Pizarro and
the 167 men that had accompanied him. Athualpa was captured
and held for ransom. The ransom, one room filled with gold and another
filled twice with silver, was paid by the emperor. Even so Athualpa was
executed by the Spaniards.
As ordered earlier by Athualpa Huascar had been imprisoned and killed. As a result the Inca had no recognized leader after Athualpa was killed. Therefore the Spaniards took over the empire very easily.
Ancient Incan Government
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