storms in the western Pacific Ocean are called Typhoons.
The same type of storm in the West Indies and Caribbean Sea are called
Winds of 75 miles per hour or more occur with these storms. Typhoons form
over tropical oceans when the air is heated and pushed upward. Where the
air goes up, a large whirl is created. This circular motion may be several
miles in diameter. It continues because of water vapor and heat supply
energy. Typhoons travel with the general atmospheric
currents and they cover great distances.
Typhoons often cause vast damage to coasts and islands that are in the path of the storm. High tides and flooding accompany the devastating winds. Some kinds of weather involved in typhoons are wind, rain, hail, lightening, and thunder. But don't worry your meteorologist will warn you in your forecast. Typhoon is the Asian name for tropical cyclone. A typhoon is a low-pressure storm. Typhoons start close to the equator and travel westward, collecting size and intensity as it moves. As typhoons move they gradually get larger, usually about 10 to 15 miles ( 16 to 24 kilometers) per hour. But the circular winds around the center are very strong, often reaching speeds of 150 miles ( 240 kilometers) per hour. The diameter can be as large as 300 miles (480 kilometers). The mighty winds and heavy rain can cause severe land and property damage, even death to humans. A destructive and violent rush of sea water, called a storm surge, often also accompanies a typhoon as it travels onto land. Typhoon winds and clouds whirl around the eye, a calm part in the middle of a storm. Large waves smash a coastline as it travels onto land. This violent onrush of sea water, called a storm surge, can demolish buildings and cause floods, meaning death.
Typhoon Vocabulary | Cyclone | Hurricane | Tornado
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