Ancient Egyptians don’t seem very advanced compared to civilization in the 21st century, but you have to realize we are in a much more advanced time than they were. We have had a lot more time to develop this far into computers, televisions, video games, and medical knowledge. They had a shorter amount of time to develop a water clock, sundial, pyramids and the tools to build them, and a time system.
The Ancient Egyptians changed from copper tools to bronze tools because bronze tools were better to work with. By 200 BC they changed from bronze tools to iron tools. With these tools, the Ancient Egyptians built great monuments and palaces but it took them a
lot longer than it would take a civilization today because we have better tools than they did. They may not have been very high tech, but they knew what they were doing. They’re the ones who built the Great Pyramids at Giza, and look at that, today they’re still standing.
Ancient Egyptian scientists used their knowledge to think of how to do something big and unique. Then they thought of how to build useful things inside monuments like levers, ramps, and rollers that moved heavy boxes.
Building a Monument
Have you ever seen a very old building? It’s torn up, right? Ancient Egyptian pyramids are
about 4,000 years old and only have a few chipped blocks. Well just compare our structures to those built in Ancient Egypt. Big difference, huh?
The Ancient Egyptians built their pyramid blocks so tight together that even today, over 4,000 years after they were built, you cannot stick a razor sharp knife in between any two blocks. The blocks of the pyramids are so heavy and big that tornadoes or even hurricanes cannot destroy them.
The Ancient Egyptian calendar is a little different from ours today. There were ten days in a week, three weeks in a month, four months in a season, three seasons in a year, and five holy days. That adds up to a 365-day year. The Egyptians were the first people to come up with the 365-day year.
Egyptians clocks were much different from ours as well. There were two types of clocks in Ancient Egypt—a water clock and a sundial. A water clock sounds very complicated, but really it’s not. It is a little stand with a pot on the top of the stand and a pot at the bottom of the stand. The pot at the top of the stand had a hole drilled in the side. This pot was then filled with water and the water would flow out of the top pot down to the bottom pot. When the water was at a certain level, it was a certain time. The only disadvantage to the water clock was that you had to keep refilling it.
The sundial was basically a circle with numbers written around it with a little stick in the middle. When the stick’s shadow fell at a certain number, it was that time.
One big advantage the water clock had over the sundial was you couldn’t use the sundial at night and the water clock you could.
Ancient Egypt's Deepest Secrets Revealed