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Most colors have differences. For example there’s differences in the color itself-red, green, blue, purple, yellow and orange. This is called hue. There is also a difference between the brightness of the same color-as example, in red to pink. This is called value. Some colors are brilliant & clean, while others seem drab & dirty. This is called saturation.

## Primary Colors

Primary colors are important in art because when mixed together they can produce every other color in the world (with a little white or black added as well). The human eye cannot recognize the colors like the machine does. The human eyes produces the primary colors as red, yellow, and blue. The machine produces them as red, blue, and green. Green is a secondary color but the machine produces it as a primary color. Red, green, and blue are known as additive primary colors. The reason? It is because red, green, and blue mixed together makes white light to project on the screen.

## Secondary Colors

The secondary colors are green, orange, and purple.

You mix the primary colors blue and yellow to make green.

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You mix the primary colors blue and red to make purple.

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You mix the primary colors yellow and red to make orange.

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## Complementary Colors

Complementary colors are two colors that are opposite. For example red and green are opposite. When you stare at red or green for 30 seconds and then look at a white wall, you see a light green. That is the same as purple and yellow. Also the same as orange and blue. This is because red is primary and green is secondary and primary and secondary are opposite.

## Experiment

Step one: Gather the following, a pencil, 2 pieces of white paper, and 1 box of coloring utensils.

Step two: Draw on a piece of paper either a blue dot, a red dot, or a yellow dot. Note: Big dot

Step Three: Put a white piece of paper next to the dot drawing.

Step four: stare at the dot for 30 seconds and than shift to the right where the white paper is.

Note: TRY NOT TO BLINK !

Step five: you now see the complementary on the white paper.

Step Six: the dot on the white paper will go away.

Those are complementary colors. Where you look at one color and then look at white.

## Value

To measure value is to measure the dark or lightness of a color. Dark values are called shades and light values are called tints. When making colors if you add black to a color you are making a shade and if you add white you are making a tint.

There is something called light source where the artist chooses to have the light come from a light bulb or the sun. When the light shines on the object in the painting there is something on the ground called a cast shadow. When the sun moves the cast shadow. The cast shadow in the painting is very important when you use light source.

## Tertiary

Tertiary are colors found in between primary and secondary colors.

 Red Red-Orange Orange

From this paper you know the primary colors and how we see it is different from how a machine sees color, you know the secondary colors and how to make them, you also know the complementary colors, and you might even know a little magic in art.

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