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Inspired by his childhood dream, Heinrich Schliemann searched for and then excavated the multiple cities of Troy that were built on top of each other's ruins. He wanted to prove that Homer's Iliad was really true. He started excavating on Mount Hissarlik in 1870. Schliemann excavated a total of nine different Troys. Assuming that the Iliad's Troy had to be near the bottom level, Schliemann unknowingly destroyed lots of valuable artifacts from the Troys in higher strata.
In 1873, Schliemann found many artifacts, many made of precious metals such as gold and silver. He named them Priam's Treasure because King Priam supposedly ruled over Troy during the Trojan War. Many archaeologists today do not believe that the Priam's Treasure had anything to do with the Trojan War because the artifacts came from different dates.