Braille was started by an 11 year old boy who was blind. He used a secret code used by the milliatry called Night Writing, and changed it into a system of raised bumps. The Braille system uses 6 spaces (2 columns, 3 rows). The raised dots are put in a special pattern for each letter of the alphabet. Here is the Braille Alphabet.
If you want to learn more about Braille, you can visit the American Council of the Blind web site at: http://www.acb.org/index.html.
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