The Churchill tank,
The Churchill tank is a British tank used in Owrld War II.
In 194, after the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force from Dunkirk,
the British government commissioned the desgin of the new tank to replace
its earlier infantry tank, which was more lightweight. The first Churchill
model, the Mark I, was ready by June 1941 and entered large-scale production
soon afterward. The Mark I was armed with a 2-pounder gun in the turret
and a 3-inch howitzer mounted on the hull. The Mark I had good speed and
turning ability, a robust suspension system, heavy armour plating and a
low silhouette. Unlike the Mark I, the Mark II had replaced the 3-inch
howitzer to a machine gun.
From the time that the Mark I and II had entered the service
in mid-1942, they tended to be outgunned by German tanks, but their ability
to climb hills served well in closing phases of the North African campaign.
Faced with the need to upgrade their tank’s main armament, the British
fitted the next model, the Mark III, with a 6-pounder gun. Even this gun
was barely adequate by 1943, when Mark III entered, service, so later versions
of this model were fitted with a 75-millimeetre gun.
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