process has two stages. The first one is called embalming. The embalming
process cleans the body for the wrapping, the second stage. The wrapping
has a number of special steps, that must be followed with great care, for
if you were being mummified, you must be an extremely important person.
us as we take a trip into the Egyptian ways...
Step 1: The body is
washed with palm wine.
Step 2: The body is
rinsed with water from the Nile River.
Step 3: A small cut
is made in the left side of the body.
Step 4: The internal
organs which are the liver, lungs, small intestines, and large intestines,
Step 5: The brains
are removed. A long hook inserted through the nose will pull the brains
out. (The Egyptians did not know what the brain was for, so they removed
Step 6: The body is
covered and stuffed with natron. This is known as the drying stage.
Step 7: Wait forty
days for the body to dry.
Step 8: The body will
be washed with water from the Nile River.
Step 9: The body is
covered with sweet smelling oils.
Step 10: The body is
stuffed with dry things, such as sawdust, leaves, and linen.
Step 11: The body is
covered with more oils.
Step 12: The internal
organs are put into the canopic jars.
Now the body is ready
for the next stage, wrapping.
Step 1: The head and
neck are wrapped.
Step 2: The fingers
and toes are wrapped.
Step 3: The arms and
legs are wrapped.
Step 4: The sacred
amulets are placed. The Isis knot, and the Plummet.
Step 5: The spells
from the book of the dead are read.
Step 6: The arms and
legs are tied together.
Step 7: A scroll is
placed between the hands of the deceased.
Step 8: The full body
Step 9: The body is
painted with liquid resin as glue.
Step 10: A cloth with
Osiris painted on it is wrapped around the body.
Step 11: A large cloth
is wrapped around the body.
Step 12: Linen stripes
are wrapped around the body to hold the cloth in place.
Step 13: The mummy
is put in the first coffin.
Step 14: The mummy
is put in the second coffin.
Step 15: The funeral
Step 16: The opening
of the mouth ceremony is performed.
Step 17: The mummy
is put in the sarcophagus.
Step 18: The mummy
is put in its final resting place, the tomb.
was the god of embalming and the dead. He was believed to watch over the
process of mummification.