The Nile is the longest river in the world stretching 6695 km (4184 miles). It was used for transportation and for people to live by the river for water supply. The river's current is very strong and deadly. They made boats to bring supplies across the Nile and also to go up and down the river for trade across Africa.
a year the Nile will overflow its banks causing the crop to get flooded.
Instead of the farmers being angry, they were overjoyed, because they had
water for their crops. Egypt is a desert and there's not much water to
be spared. This is called inundation, it's a holiday for farmers and other
people. They had irrigation so the crops wouldn't dry up in the unbearable
desert heat. Back then, everyone didn't have to work on that day when inundation
came, instead they would have a feast.
But, in the morning every one has to go back to work.
"The Black Land" was on one side of the Nile and was used to grow crops. It was the only land you could grow crops on. "The Red Land" protected Egypt from armies with its desert sand. It also provided metals and semi-precious stones. The Egyptians melted and then molded the metals into spears and swords and many other weapons, sold them and make a lot of money. make them into sculptures, and there are many other ways that the egyptians used these materials.
An Oasis is an area of land in the desert were there is water. Some oasis's where used to grow crops. One was made into a vineyard and provided wine for the Pharaoh. Some oasis's actually have plant life growing by it, even trees!