Italy became a nation-state belatedly - in 1861 when the city-states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL. Italy has mostly arisen from its now know capital Rome. Rome has greatly emerged to an extraordinary capital for this amazing country.
The Italian government has been a democratic republic since June 2, 1946. Its constitution became effective on January 1, 1948. During the early 1920s, Dictator Mussolini came into play. Their era of parliamentary government then came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the European Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include illegal immigration, the ravages of organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the more prosperous north.
In 572, an intensifying conflict in religion arose. This conflict was between the native Italians who supported orthodox Christianity and the Goths who created a new sacrilegious doctrine called Arainism. The Lombards (the people who started all this in the first place) were soon conquered by the Franks from the church authority. After that harmony had almost immediately prevailed.
Through what Italy has gone through they still are becoming more and more prosperous. Their history is only helping them along the way to their present-day site.