is better known as bicycle riding in which one balances oneself on a frame over
two wheels. These wheels are
aligned one directly in front of the other. Once you have mastered this skill of balance you may choose to go onto
the sport of racing with your cycling.
first cycling race was held in France in 1869.
There are several different types of competitive events, which include
road racing, track or velodrome races, and off road mountain bike races.
racing is one of the Olympic cycling competitions, and other events include the match
sprint, individual and team pursuit, kilometer time trial and point and time
1996, cross-country mountain biking began as an Olympic sport.
For each type of cycling there is a different bicycle.
Road-racing bikes have lightweight frames. They are built out of steel, aluminum, titanium and carbon fiber. They have thin, high-pressure tires, brakes and downward curving handlebars, narrow saddles and a front and rear derailleur. (A derailleur shifts the chain through as many as 16 different gear combinations. There are at least four different types of road-racing events. They are stage racing, one-day events, time trials and criteriums.
Track racing is held in veldromes. (A veldrome is an oval track with steeply banked corners that enhance speed, see above). The tracks are made of wood or concrete either in the open or enclosed. Track bicycles are the same in appearance and construction as Road-racing bicycles. Although they have no breaks, no gears and they weight about 15 to 20 pounds
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