|When you reduce total fat, you will likely
reduce the saturated fat portion as well. To be sure, pay attention to
whether the foods you eat have more saturated, polyunsaturated, or monounsaturated
fatty acids in them. Saturated fatty acids raise blood cholesterol levels,
one of the major risk factors for heart disease. Polyunsaturated and monounsaturated
fatty acids lower blood cholesterol levels.
Some evidence suggests that not all saturated
fatty acids produce a blood cholesterol raising effect. Stearic acid is
an example of such a saturated fatty acid. As for fats in food, however,
consumers should be aware that more than one type of saturated fatty acid
will be present. Foods that are rich in stearic acid will also likely contain
saturated fatty acids that do raise blood cholesterol levels. Until further
study shows otherwise, the general recommendation still stands to limit
saturated fats in the diet.