ago- Present-day continents began to form.
1773- Captain James Cook and his
crew became the first men to cross the Antarctic
1820- Fabian Gottlieb von
Bellingshausen became the first person to spot land on
1821- John Davis became arguably
the first person to land on the
1823- John Weddell went the
farthest south into the Antarctic, which is why the
Weddell Sea bears his name.
1841- Sir James Clark Ross
searched for the Magnetic South Pole.
1868- Antarctic explorer
Falcon Scott was
1872- Antarctic explorer
1874- Antarctic explorer
Shackleton was born
on February 17 in Ireland.
1895- Carsten Borchgrevink found
lichen, the first sign of plant life.
1898- Adrein de Gerlache and his
crew became the first to survive an Antarctic
and Shackleton and
three other men attemted to walk to the South Pole and
almost reached the South Pole on a journey of his
1911- Race to the South Pole!
The first successful trip was led by
1911- A British trip to the
South Pole was led by Scott.
He got there second.
died on his way back to his ship.
1914- On August 8th,
and his crew sailed from England to Antarctica, just
before World War I starts.
1914- On December 5th, the
leaves the icy island, South Georgia, and reaches the
1914- On December 8th,
Shackleton's crew reaches the Weddell
1915- The Endurance
is frozen in the ice on the edge of Weddell
1915- On October 27th, the
gets crushed by the ice and they abandon their
1915- On October 30th- November
1st, A walk across the ice to the distant land begins.
The 28 men walk for less than 2 miles, then they set
up Ocean Camp on the drifting ice.
1915- On November 21st, the
1915- On December 23rd - 29th,
the ice drifted slowly to the north. They tried
walking to the land again, leaving many personal
belongings behind. They set up a Patience Camp on an
1916- Shackleton leads a rescue
effort to South Georgia Island to get help for his
1917- Shackleton returns home to
Shackleton died on
January fifth on South Georgia Island, at age 47,
going back to Antarctica to visit.
Early 1940s - The first
permanent settlement happened around this
1961- The Antarctic Treaty was
signed by many nations, who pledged to use Antarctica
only for scientific studies.
found out that the ozone layer in the stratosphere was
1987- The first baby was born on
ozone holes formed over Antarctica.
2002- On March 19, an
crashed and broke off of the London
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