Catherine Theodorakis is a slight, careworn woman. She loves
her two sons, Christos and Theo. She runs the coffee shop with
her husband, George.
WHAT IS COFFEE?
"Coffee" comes from the Latin word Coffea, which includes more than 500 genera and 6,000 species of tropical trees and shrubs.
Today botanists still disagree on the classification because of the wide variations that occur in coffee plants and seeds. Species of Coffea range from small shrubs to trees as tall as 32 feet high and the leaves can range in color from purple to yellow, however, green is the predominant color.
There are 10 steps through which a coffee bean passes from seed to cup:
- Harvesting the beans
- Processing the beans
- Drying the beans
- Grading and sorting
- Exporting the beans
Following is an example of 10 ways that may be used to describe and categorize coffee:
Type -- robusta, washed, arabica
Taste -- Strictly soft, harsh
Body -- lacking, too heavy
Acidity -- some, too much at the top
Age -- old to fresh
Defects -- sour, grassy, musty
Cup -- roast, watery, burned, old
Overall assessment -- neutral, spicy, hard
Aroma -- weak to strong
Fullness -- slight to considerable
What is the caffeine content of coffee beverages?
Caffeine is a natural substance that is
present in the leaves, seeds or fruits of
more than sixty plant species worldwide.
Many food and beverage products made with
these plant species contain caffeine.
Sometimes caffeine is sometimes added
to foods and beverages during the manufacturing
process in order to enhance flavor or, in
the case of medications, to enhance effectiveness.
Unless they are decaffeinated, coffee beverages
all contain caffeine.
The amount of caffeine in any single serving
of coffee depends on a number of things,
- the variety of coffee bean
- where the bean was grown
- the particular coffee "grind"
- how the product is manufactured
- the method of preparation, e.g. the
length of brewing,
and the proportion of coffee to water
- the size of the cup, mug, etc. in
which the coffee is served
Full-bodied, dark-roast coffee may contain
less caffeine than coffee made from milder,
more lightly-roasted beans. Arabica beans tend to have less caffeine
but are of milder flavor than robusta beans.
Also, the caffeine content of prepared coffee
beverages may vary depending on the supplier's
The majority of literature on caffeine shows
that there are no health consequences associated
with coffee consumption. However, for individuals
who may wish to limit their caffeine intake,
it is useful to know the caffeine content
of the different coffee beverages.
Espresso, 1-oz. cup
Cappuccino and Latte, 1-oz shot
Moccachino, 1-oz shot
For more information about coffee shops, see Mr. Theodorakis' page.