Definitions and Terms
acuity n. [LL. acuitas: cf. F. acuit['e].] Sharpness or acuteness, as of a needle, wit, etc.
ataxic a. [Cf. F. ataxique. See Ataxia.] (Med.) Characterized by ataxy, that is, (a) by great irregularity of functions or symptoms, or (b) by a want of coordinating power in movements.
athetoid Twenty percent of individuals with cerebral palsy have the athetoid type, characterized by uncontrolled movements. This form of cerebral palsy is caused by injury to brain nerve fibers that are responsible for inhibition of muscle movement.
Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder –
au·di·to·ry adj.Of or relating to hearing, the organs of hearing, or the sense of hearing.
beta cell Any of the insulin-producing cells of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Any of the basophilic chromophil cells located in the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
di·a·be·tes Any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.
dominance 1: superior development of one side of the body [syn: laterality] 2: the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; "her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her" [syn: ascendance, ascendence, ascendancy, ascendency, control] 3: the power to exercise authoritative or dominating control or influence over; "he has the authority to issue warrants" [syn: authority, say-so]
do·pa·mine (plural do·pa·mines) noun chemical compound occurring in brain: a chemical compound, found in thebrain, that transmits nerve impulses and is involved in the formation of epinephrine
dys·cal·cu·li·a Impairment of the ability to solve mathematical problems, usually resulting from brain dysfunction.
dys·graph·ia Impairment of the ability to write, usually caused by brain dysfunction or disease.
impaired ability to understand written language: A learning disorder marked by a severe difficulty in recognizing and understanding written language, leading to spelling and writing problems. It is not caused by low intelligence or brain damage.
genetics – a branch of biology that deals with the heredity and variation of organisms
hyperactivity n :a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
Impulse Control Disorder – Disorders in which a person act on a certain impulse, that is potentially harmful, but they cannot resist.
in·at·ten·tion Lack of attention, notice, or regard
juvenile diabetes Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
lat·er·al·i·ty Preference in using one side of the body over the other.
motility n. [Cf. F. motilit['e].] (Physiol.) Capability of motion; contractility.
neurologist n. The medical scientist that deals with the nervous system and disorders affecting it.
neuropsychologist n. The psychologist who deals with the relationship between the nervous system, especially the brain, and cerebral or mental functions such as language, memory, and perception.
ob·ses·sive-com·pul·sive dis·or·der noun
psychiatric condition of compulsive behavior: a psychiatric disorder characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior, for example, continual washing of the hands prompted by a feeling of uncleanliness.
occupational therapist n.The person who uses productive or creative activity in the treatment or rehabilitation of physically or emotionally disabled people.
pan·cre·as A long, irregularly shaped gland in vertebrates, lying behind the stomach, that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin into the bloodstream.
se·ro·to·nin n. An organic compound, C10H12N2O, formed from tryptophan and found in animal and human tissue, especially the brain, blood serum, and gastric mucous membranes, and active as a neurotransmitter and in vasoconstriction, stimulation of the smooth muscles, and regulation of cyclic body processes.
Spatial adj Pertaining to or involving or having the nature of space; "the first dimension to concentrate on is the spatial one"; "spatial ability"; "spatial awareness"; "the spatial distribution of the population.
speech pathologist n. The person who studies speech defects and disorders such as stuttering and dysphasia.
social worker n.
tem·po·ral adj. Of, relating to, or limited by time: a temporal dimension; temporal and spatial boundarie
the other way around
vocal tic n. An involuntary, abrupt, and inappropriate grunt, bark, or other exclamation or utterance, occurring especially in Tourette's syndrome.
vocational rehabilitation counselor n. The person who is providing training in a specific trade with the aim of gaining employment
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth
© 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Encarta® World English Dictionary [North American Edition] ©
& (P) 2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Developed for Microsoft by Bloomsbury Publishing Plc