The cause of cerebral palsy is an injury to the brain during birth. Nobody knows for sure how the brain was injured or what to do to prevent it. It could be caused by an infection or from an accident that hurts the mother. If the mother has medical problem such as high blood pressure or diabetes, this can also cause cerebral palsy. It can happen during birth when a baby doesnít get enough oxygen or when the baby is hard to deliver and, the babyís brain is injured. Even babies born at the right time could get it by infection or bleeding in the brain when the babyís brain is still developing. The important thing you must remember is that you cannot ďcatchĒ cerebral palsy from another human, and you do not develop it later in life.
|DIFFERENT TYPES OF CEREBRAL PALSY||
Spastic Cerebral Palsy
If the muscle tone is tight or too high, this is
described to the word spastic, the word spastic is used to describe
cerebral palsy. Kids with
spastic cerebral palsy have stiff and jerky muscles because they are too
tight. They often canít
move from one position to another or let go of something in their hand.
Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common cerebral palsy.
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
Ataxic cerebral palsy is when muscle tone is too low
and there is poor coordination of movements.
Children with ataxic cerebral palsy look shaky and unsteady.
They shake when they try to write, turn a page, or cut with a
scissors. Kids also often
have poor balance and may turn unsteady when walking.
Athetoid Cerebral Palsy
The word athetoid is used to describe mixed cerebral
palsy when the muscle tone is too high and too low.
Kids with athetoid cerebral palsy have trouble holding themselves
in an upright, steady position for sitting or walking, and often show a
lot of movements they donít mean to make.
Mixed Cerebral Palsy
When the muscle tone is too low and in some muscles
it is too high, this type of cerebral palsy is called mixed.
When a child shows cerebral palsy in all arms and
legs, it is called quadriplegia. Quad
means four. They have trouble
moving all their body parts. They
sometimes need a wheelchair to get from one place to another.
They also have trouble eating and talking.
Hemiplegia means cerebral palsy affects one side of
the body. Hemi means half. So the right arm and leg are affected or, the
left arm and leg is affected. The other side of the body is just fine.
Some kids just have cerebral palsy in their legs, and
it is much more severe when it is in the legs than in the arms. This
is called diplegia
Di means two, so only two limbs are affected.
|EQUIPMENT USED FOR KIDS WITH CEREBRAL PALSY||
Wheelchairs help people get from one place to
another. It is a chair on
wheels that you push or wheel, sometimes it has a motor in it so you move
it with a lever.
Some kids with cerebral palsy can walk, but they have
a poor balance. A walker
helps them keep their balance and to get around without a wheelchair. A walker is a light metal frame with four legs.
Some kids put a bike basket on their walker to put their things in.
Adapted silverware and pencils
Special grips or handles are very helpful for people
who have trouble holding on to small things.
The grips are on spoons, forks, pens, and pencils to make it easier
for kids who have cerebral palsy.
Everyone knows what a helmet is, it is just like what you wear when you ride a bike, you would probably be surprised to see someone wearing one in school. Kids with cerebral palsy wear them so they donít hurt their head when they fall (remember they have trouble walking and they might have a seizure and fall down).
|THERAPY FOR CEREBRAL PALSY
Physical therapists help
kids learn better ways to balance or move.
Sometimes they play games during therapy like learn to ride a bike.
Speech and Language
Speech therapists work with
kids on their communication skills, they may need help talking, using sign
language, or using a communication aid.
They can also write out their message on a piece of paper. Even
computers talk for them!
Therapists help kids work
with using their upper body. They
teach them easier ways to write, cut with scissors, or draw, brush their
teeth, dress and feed themselves. Occupational
therapists also help find equipment to make everyday jobs easier.
These therapists help kids with cerebral palsy have fun! They work at them with sports. In recreational therapy children may work on dancing, swimming or horseback riding. They may also work on art.
|OBSTACLES OF CEREBRAL PALSY||
Talking and Eating
Just as cerebral palsy can
cause problems in the limbs it also causes problems eating or talking.
When you meet someone with cerebral palsy you know it is hard to
understand their speech. This is because they canít move their tongue, lips, or jaw
move as fast as you can.
About one quarter kids to
one half kids with cerebral palsy have learning problems. It is also known as a learning disability because they have
trouble in one or two subjects at school.
It could be a more severe problem like
mental retardation, which
means they learn things at a slower rate. They might be able to do a few
subjects. This doesnít mean
they canít learn, it just means they canít learn as fast as kids can
when they donít have cerebral palsy.
Half the people with
cerebral palsy have
means that there is an abnormal activity in their brain that interrupts
what they are doing. Often
the abnormal activity is the same place where the brain injury was that
caused the cerebral palsy. Your
brain is always sending messages out to your body.
A seizure is a group of abnormal messages to close together.
These messages may cause muscles to stop moving or the person to
start staring. A seizure may cause you to fall down.
It could take several minutes to several hours to recover from a
seizure. Many people take
medicine to prevent seizures or to lower the number of seizures they have.
You may already know that kids without cerebral palsy can get a seizure.
Information was found at http://hsc.virginia.edu/cmc/tutorials/cp/index.html