By: Jeffrey Neill
† Our region is where Ohio, West Virginia, and Kentucky meet at the Ohio River.† Four of the ancient indian periods (PaleoIndian, Archaic, Woodland, and Fort Ancient) lived in this region beginning 10-12,000 years ago.† Five different sites in this region are: Camden Park Mound, Forest Home Farm Site Complex, Portsmouth Murals, Horseshoe Mound, and Great Serpent Mound.†
The Camden Park Mound is located near the center of Camden Amusement Park in Huntington, West Virginia.† It is approximately 15.5 miles from Ashland, Kentucky.† It is a conical shaped mound about 20 feet high.† This mound can be seen when you visit the park.
Squire and Davis map of Old Fort Earthworks (Forest
Home Farm) drawn in 1848.† (Courtesy
of Dwight Cropper)
Squire and Davis map of Old Fort Earthworks (Forest Home Farm) drawn in 1848.† (Courtesy of Dwight Cropper)
Opening in the center of the southwest wall.
Courtesy of Dwight Cropper.
The Portsmouth Murals are located in downtown Portsmouth, Ohio, about 35 miles northwest of Ashland, Kentucky, on Rt. 23.† The Murals, painted on the Ohio River floodwall, represent a visual timeline of the history of the city of Portsmouth. One of the Murals shows the mounds that used to be in this region and it had pictures of different artifacts.
There is a mound in the shape of a horseshoe in Mound Park located on 17th Street in Portsmouth, Ohio.† This mound was believed to have been built by the Hopewell Indians.† A drawing by archeologist, E.G. Squier, in 1847 shows that there used to be two horseshoe shaped mounds.
The most well known site in our region is Ohioís Great Serpent Mound in Adams County.† It is about 77 miles northwest of Ashland, Kentucky.† The Great Serpent Mound is an effigy mound and is about 1,330 feet long and 3 feet high.† This site is open to the public.† It is not known when this site was built, but some think is was built by the Adena culture around 800 B.C.- 100 A.D. and others think the Fort Ancient culture built it in 100 A.D. to 1650.† Some astronomers think it represents the constellation, The Dragon.† Its purpose is still not known.† Itís a mystery.
Courtesy of the Ohio Historical Society
† There are other sites in our region and some are:† Adena Park near Lexington, Kentucky, Marietta and Newark Earthworks in Ohio, and the South Charleston mound in West Virginia.