medical industry has discovered that there are some uses for extremophiles
in medicine. More than $250 million dollars was spent by industries
to find out how the special enzymes inside
extremophile could be used. Scientists are searching for ways
that the special proteins inside extremopiles
can be used to fight infectious diseases
and genetic diseases. Enzymes are proteins
and are sometimes used as biological catalysts.
Enzymes inside extremophiles have been given the name of extremozymes.
Protein catalysts cause chemical reactions
in extremophiles that allow them to survive in deadly environments.
Before extremophiles were discovered, regular proteins had to
be protected from breaking down and becoming useless. Scientists
hope that the proteins in extremophiles will not need special
treatment like regular proteins. This will save all industries
a great deal of money.