Early in 1945 the Allies began closing in on Japan. American bombers
began more frequent and daring raids by flying in low during the night
to be more accurate. During these raids the bombers began dropping
incendiary (fire-producing) bombs. Many Japanese cities were set
on fire with this bomb and in March of 1945 after a very aggressive bombing
raid the heart of Tokyo was destroyed. In order to continue to destroy
Japan the Allied leaders decided they needed more air bases so they could
increase their bombing raids. The Japanese islands of Iwo Jima and
Okinawa were chosen. On February 19, 1945 American Marines landed
on Iwo Jima. At Iwo Jima there were close to 20,000 Marine casualties,
the were the heaviest suffered during any island invasion. Japanese
forces hung on till March 16, 1945. Okinawa was the next island to
be invaded. Allied troops started to pour ashore on April 1, 1945.
Kamikaze pilots were sent to attack the forces. By the time Okinawa
was finally captured and the battle ended on June 21, 1945 the kamikaze
pilots sank more then 30 ships and damaged at least 350 others.
The United States, Britain, and China threatened to destroy Japan unless they surrendered. Japanese leaders paid no attention to the threat, they just kept on fighting.
Finally the United States unleashed a very powerful weapon that would devastate Japan and force them to surrender.
Click here to link to this new weapon