Memphis lies between Upper and Lower Egypt. Memphis is
the Greek translation of its original name, but the city was
originally Ineb-Hegj, meaning, "White Wall".
Memphis was founded in 3,100 BC. Memphis is the
legendary city of Menes, the king who united Upper and Lower
Egypt. Since Memphis probably originated in Upper Egypt,
from Memphis, the king could conquer all the people of Lower
Egypt. By the third dynasty Memphis had probably become a
huge city. Menes founded Memphis by creating dikes to
protect it from harsh Nile floods. Memphis was so
dominating, that today we call that era the Memphite Period.
It was probably one of the largest and most important cities
in the ancient world! Many Greeks, Jews, Phonicians, and
Libyans were included in Memphis's population. Scholars
believe that the city moved north and then south throughout
its 3 millenium history.
There is little left of the city today, that can be
seen. The city once had many beautiful temples, palaces, and