If you had an opportunity to design your own zoo, the first thing you might do is make a list of what you think ought to be in the zoo (what animal displays, concessions, and special attractions).
I'm sure there seems
to be no limit to the things you would like for your zoo. (We all seem
to have unlimited wants.) Next, you will need to think about and list what
resources will be needed to provide those things or wants. Resources may
be divided into four categories: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship.
land - resources consisting of sunshine, land, and products of the land
labor - resources consisting of human power
capital - resources which include buildings, tools, equipment, and machines
entrepreneurship - ability to combine land, labor, and capital to make a product or form a business
When you think about
an animal exhibit, you will need at least : the animal itself, and
then land, trees, bushes, etc. or whatever environment that animal needs,
water, fencing, sign, food for the animal and a place to keep and prepare
the food, zookeeper, veterinarian, tools (hoses, buckets, rakes, etc.),
maintenance workers. You may think of some other things, too.
When you think about a food concession, you will need at least: land, building, utilities (gas, electricity, water), workers, food, oven, refrigerator, dishes, forks, knives, pots and pans, cash register, dishwasher, garbage disposal, paper products, and probably some other things, depending on what you want to sell.
As you list all of the things you would like for your zoo, you will find it takes a lot of resources to build and run a zoo. Unfortunately, you cannot always have everything you want because resources are limited. There are just not enough resources, including land and money, to produce all the goods and services you would like your zoo to have. This problem you face of having unlimited wants but limited resources is called scarcity. People everyday, everywhere face this same problem - how to satisfy our unlimited wants when we have limited resources. We have to make choices. Zoos must make choices all the time.
When you have to
make decisions about what to include in your zoo, one way to do this is
to make a chart. First, on one side list the choices or alternatives and
then at the top state what things are important to consider when making
this decision or criteria. Examples of criteria you might want to consider
are: low cost, educational, fun for the whole family, serves many people
at once. You may think of others that are important. Next, evaluate
your alternatives, using the criteria you have set up. Then after evaluating
all the alternatives, decisions can be made about what to include.
Because of scarcity, a limited amount of space and money, zoos can exhibit only so many animals. They must make choices about what animals to include. At the Brandywine Zoo the following criteria are considered when thinking about acquiring an animal:
There is a web quest about Zoo Design you might be interested in visiting. You and three of your friends could role play either a zoologist, zoo evaluator, habitat expert or an animal rights activist and plan a zoo.
The General Rules for your zoo on this web quest are:
The objective of any zoo is to conserve the wildlife and no zoo shall do anything contradictory to the objective.
Every zoo must have a wall that surrounds the entire zoo and is at least two meters tall.
The zoo operator should create and maintain a healthy liiving area in the zoo by planting trees, flowers, and grass.
All of the designed habitats should ensure the safety of the animals, visitors, and workers.
It is the responsibility of the zoo to create an environment for the animals that is as close as possible to their natural habitat.
Every zoo should have all of the neccessary veterinary services including a hospital, equipment, and supplies.
zoo must also provide the visitor with bathrooms, drinking fountains, and
In this web quest the following table is given to show you different types of zoos and to help you choose what size zoo you would like to create.
Category of the Zoo Large Medium Small Mini
Area of the zoo
125-185 acres 50-125 acres Less
in acres than 185 than 50
Animals Exhibited than 750
exhibited than 75
of endangered than 15 than 5
attendance of than 750,000 500,000 than
visitors per year 750,000 200,000
This information came from Recognition
of Zoo Rules.
Some questions that this web quest has you consider are: