Afghanistan- a mountainous country in central Asia; bordered by Iran to the west and Russia to the north and Pakistan to the east and south
aftermath- The period following a ruinous event
air marshal- an undercover F.B.I. agent on an air craft
alliance - having or being in close association.
Allies- people or countries placed in a friendly association, as by treaty.
Al-Qaida- a group which is established by Osama bin Ladin.
ambush- a trap in which concealed persons lie in wait to attack by surprise
American B-17 Bombers- a flying fortress day bomber.
Americas Congress and Board- The Leaders of America.
ammunition-material for use in attacking or defending a position.
amputated- To remove or as if by cutting.
analysis- The separation of an intellectual or material whole into its constituent parts for individual study.
antitank- large military fighting vehicles.
Anzio- A village in Italy.
Arabic- Of or relating to Arabia, the Arabs, their language, or their culture.
Arabs- a member of a Semitic people inhabiting Arabia and other countries of the Middle East.
archives- a group of people who file or collect things
Arlington National Cemetery- A large cemetery, where only members of the armed forces can be buried.
arson- the crime of maliciously, voluntarily, and willfully setting fire to a building, buildings, or property of another person.
assembly center- A place where people gather for meetings or for other reasons.
atomic bomb-a bomb deriving it's destructive power from the release of nuclear energy
backlash- an antagonistic reaction to a trend, development, or event
barracks- groups of buildings used to house military personnel
bayonet- a steel blade attachment at the end of a muzzle end of a shoulder arm and used in hand-to-hand combat.
Belvedere- a town in Italy
Biffontaine- a village in France
Bigotry- The state of mind
booby trap- a trap for the unwary or unsuspecting
Bronze Star- A U.S. military decoration awarded either for heroism or for meritorious achievement in ground combat
bulletproof- able to withstand bullets
camouflage- Fabric or a garment dyed in splotches of green, brown, tan, and black so as to make the wearer indistinguishable from the surrounding environment.
Camp McCoy-a training camp in southwest part of Wisconsin
Camp Minidoka- was a concentration camp in Hunt, Idaho for Japanese American prisoners during world war II . Mostly all the prisoners originated from the state of Washington and Oregon.
Camp Savage-a training camp located in Minnesota. Soldiers are trained for the MIS
campaigns-a series of military operations understanding to achieve a large scale objective during a war.
capacity-the ability to receive, hold, or absorb
capitol building-the building in Washington DC, used by the Congress of the U.S. for it's sessions.
casualties-one injured, killed, captured, of killed, captured, or missing in action through engagement with an enemy.
catapults-a ancient military device for hurling missiles.
Caucasians -of or relating to the white race of mankind as classified according to physical features.
civilian-a specialist in Roman or modern civil law
Civitavecchia- A city of west-central Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea west-northwest of Rome. Its harbor is the chief port of Rome.
Civil War-the war in the United States between the Union and the Confederacy from 1861 to 1865
coerce- to compel by force; to restrain.
coma-a state of deep, often prolonged unconsciousness, usually the result of injury, disease, or poison, in which an individual is incapable of sensing or responding to external stimuli and internal needs.
combat- to fight with
Combat Training-soldiers who are trained to fight during war
Commander Mitsuo Fuchida- a commander in World War II.
complex- a whole made up of complicated or interrelated.
comrades-a fellow member of a group, especially a fellow soldier or a fellow supporter of a Communist or Socialist party.
conclusion- The last part of something
confrontation-a face-to-face meeting or encounter with somebody or something.
congressional-a formal assembly of representatives, as of various nations, to discuss problems.
Continental United States- The Continental United States is all of the 48 States (not including Hawaii and Alaska) that makes up the continent of North America that are all connected.
counterattack- a return attack
critic-One who forms and expresses judgments of the merits, faults, value, or truth of a matter.
Czechoslovakia- a former country of central Europe
dangling- To hang loosely and able to swing freely
debris - the remains of something broken down or destroyed.
decline-To express polite refusal
decorated-to give a medal or other honor or award to somebody to acknowledge bravery, dedication, or achievement.
decrease- The act or process of decreasing.
Defacement- To destroy the external appearances
Democratic Senator- One leader, of one party of two political parties who believes in Democracy
discredited- To damage in reputation; disgrace.
discriminated- to make distinctions on the basis of class or category without regard to individual merit; show preference or prejudice
discrimination- the act of discriminating.
derogatory-Tending to detract or diminish
discriminatory - applying or favoring discrimination in treating
Distinguished Service Cross-a cross of bronze, two inches in height and 113/16 inches in width, with an eagle on the center
draftee- a person to conscript for military service
drastic- severe or radical in nature; extreme
economy-The system or range of economic activity in a country, region, or community
emotion- the affective aspect of consciousness.
enlist-to enroll somebody in a branch of the armed forces, or join the armed forces.
ethnicity- Ethnic character or back round.
Evergreen Cemetery - was established in 1850 as one of the first Protestant cemetery in California . Docent guided tours year round. Open sunrise to sun set.
equality- The state or quality of being equal
fair grounds- Open land where fairs or exhibitions are held.
gallantry- courage, nobility, and bravery
General Yamamoto- The commander of the Japanese Army
Generation- A body of living beings constituting a single step-in a line of decency from an ancestor
government-the office authority or function of governing
granite- a very hard natural igneous rock formation of visibly crystalline texture formed essentially of quartz and orthoclase or micro cline and used especially for building and for monuments
grenade- a small bomb that is thrown by hand or shot from a rifle or other weapon.
hand grenade- A grenade that is thrown by hand
harassment- To threaten or to hurt physically.
Hawaiian Provisional Infantry Battalion- The first name given to the Americans with Japanese ancestry that fought in the war and lived in Hawaii which later became the 100th Infantry Battalion.
heritage- Something of a predecessor, tradition
Hickam- an air force base located on Oahu near Pearl Harbor.
hijab scarves- traditional type of clothing
hijacked- to steal from a truck or other vehicle after forcing it to stop.
Holocaust- the genocide of European Jews and others by Nazis during W.W.II
Howell Diversity Club- A club formed by a school in Michigan.
hutment- a group of buildings used to house military personnel.
hypodermic needles- A special needle used for certain injections.
inconvenience-The state or quality of being inconvenient
immigrants-A person who leaves one country to settle permanently in another.
immigrated- To enter, become established
impact- A forceful contact, collision, or onset
incarcerated-to put somebody in prison.
incidents- Occurring or likely to occur
internment camps- a prison camp for the confinement if enemies or prisoners of war.
irrational - not endowed with reason or understanding.
Islamic- A religion related to Muslims who believe in God
Issei- First generation in Japanese
interpreter-one who translates
interrogators- someone who questions people
Japanese Americans- Citizens of the U.S.A, with Japanese ancestry.
Japanese American Citizens League- A league put together to fight for the rights of the Japanese American citizens.
Japanese Embassy- the official residence of an ambassador from Japan
Japs- A derogatory name for Japanese Americans
Jehovah's Witnesses- a member of a group that witness by distributing literature and by personal evangelism to beliefs in God
Kahuku Air Base- Located on the slopes of the northern end of the Ko'olau mountain range on Oahu. It is used to train the military. It is leased by the Army from the state of Hawaii.
Kibeis- First generation Japanese Americans, educated in Japan
latitude- Freedom from normal restraints, limitations, or regulations
launched- to have begun a new venture or phase.
laundering- To disguise the source or nature of illegal (illegal fund, for example) by channeling through an intermediate agent.
Latino-a Latin American.
liberated- to set free as from oppression, confinement, or foreign control.
Lieutenant- An official empowered to act for a higher official.
Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt- The person who came up with the idea of a Internment Camp.
machine guns-automatic guns able to deliver a rapid and continuous fire of bullets
malaria- a human disease that is caused by the bite of an anopheline mosquito
Manzanar- a relocation center in Owens Valley, California marmalade- a clear sweetened jelly in which pieces of fruit or fruit rind are suspended
marmalade- a clear, sweetened jelly in which pieces of fruit and fruit rind are suspended.
memorials- something that keeps remembrance alive
metal cots- A metal, small house
Molotov cocktail- A crude bomb that is filled with flammable liquid
monument- a memorial stone or a building erected in remembrance of a person or event
mosques- a Muslim house of worship
motivations - something that causes a person to act.
Muslims-a believer in the religion of Islam; an adherent of Islam
mutton- the flesh of fully grown sheep
Nazis- A member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power in 1933 under Adolf Hitler
neighbor islands of Hawaii- These include the islands of Oahu, the Big Island, Kauai, Lanai, Molokai, Kahoolawei and Niihau.
neutral-belonging to neither side in a controversy
Nisei- a son or daughter of Japanese immigrants who is born and educated in America
nuclear weapons- Devices such as bombs or war heads, whose great explosive power derives from the release of nuclear energy
occupancy-The period during which one owns, rents, or uses certain premises of land
100th Infantry Battalion- The second name given to the Americans with Japanese ancestry that fought in the war and lived in Hawaii.
oppression- treating groups or individuals poorly
Osama bin Laden- A man believed to be in charge of the Terrorist Attack.
Outrigger Hotels- a hotel company
Pakistani- An immigrant from Pakistan or someone with a Pakistani descent
Parishioners- People who worship
patriotism- love for or devotion to one's country
Pearl Harbor- a harbor on O'ahu west of Honolulu; location of a United States naval base that was attacked by the Japanese on Dec. 7, 1941.
perseverance- steadfastness; firm in belief or determination
personal possessions- something personal that you own
pixilation-an animation made by using a video camera
postpone-to delay until a future time; put off
poverty- The state of being poor; lack of the means of providing material needs or comforts.
platoon- a subdivision of a company of troops consisting of two or more squads or sections and usually commanded by a lieutenant.
predilection- a preference for a group, culture, language, etc.
prejudice - injury or damage resulting from some judgments or actions of another in disregard of one's rights.
President George W. Bush- He is the oldest son of President George Bush and in 1994 he was elected governor of the state of Texas. He is now the 43rd President of the United States.
President Roosevelt, Franklin D. (1882-1945)- U.S. statesman and 32nd president of the United States. He served longer than any other president (1933-1945), with an unprecedented election to four terms. He held office during the Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II. His full name was Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Presidential Unit Citation- an emblem that is 17/16 inches wide and 9/16 inches in height
prototype- an original model on which something is patterned
Purple Heart - a U.S. military decoration awarded to members of the armed forces who have been wounded in action
Purple Heart Battalion- another name given to the 100th Infantry Battalion.
quarters- A place of residence
racism- the belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.
rash- a large number of instances in a short period
recipients- somebody or something that receives something
reclassified- rearranged in groups according to a classification system
reexamination- to subject somebody or something to careful further consideration, scrutiny, or checks.
relocation camps- The Relocation Camps were the camps that the Japanese Americans had to go to after the bombing on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese military. It was located in Gila River, California.
retired- withdrawn from one's occupation, business, or office, having finished one's active working live
reunion- a gathering of the members of a group who have been separated
Roosevelt, Franklin D.- (1882-1945)- U.S. statesman and 32nd president of the United States. He served longer than any other president (1933-1945), with an unprecedented election to four terms. He held office during the Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II. His full name was Franklin Delano Roosevelt
sabotage- An act or process tending to hamper or hurt
sacrifice- The act of offering something to a deity in propitiation or homage, especially the ritual slaughter of an animal or a person.
Sansei- Third generation in Japanese
2nd Battalion- One of the four battalions fighting in the war
Selective Service- The mission of the Selective Service System is to provide manpower to the armed forces in an emergency. Selective Service would provide manpower to the military by conducting a draft
serum- The clear yellowish fluid obtained upon separating whole blood into its solid and liquid components after it has been allowed to clot. Also called blood serum.
Shinto Shrine- a Buddhist temple.
Sikhs- Religion of India
slavery-the state of one bound in servitude as the property of a slave holder or household.
slings or bows-a weapon for shooting arrows, etc.
socialize- To do things with other people.
Somali- A person from Somaliland
superior-of great value or excellence; extraordinary.
Suvereto- a village in Italy
synagogue- A Jewish congregation
terrorism- The unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence by a person or an organized group against people or property with the intention of intimidating or coercing societies or governments, often for ideological or political reasons.
1399th Engineer Construction Battalion- They did non-combat construction and maintenance tasks at home. They were responsible for 50 major projects in Hawaii.
Taliban- The followers of Osama bin Laden.
threat- an expression of an intention to inflict pain, injury, evil, or punishment
Tommy Gun- A very dangerous, powerful Gun
tourism-The practice of traveling for pleasure
USS Ward- A United States Ship, part of the Pacific Fleet.
unconscious- Not able to move, not conscious
underbrush-shrubs,bushes, or small trees growing beneath large trees in a wood or forest
vaccines- Vaccines are microbial preparations of killed or modified microorganisms which can stimulate an immune response in the body in order to prevent future infection with similar microorganisms.
valor - Courage and boldness, as in battle; bravery
veterans-a person who has served in the armed forces
vials- Containers used to hold medicine that injected through needles.
violence- exertion of physical force so as to injore or abuse
Vosges Mountains-a mountain range in France
Wheeler- an air force base.
World Trade Center- a group of buildings organized as a center for conducting business deals with different countries from the world, located in New York city.
World War II- A war fought from 1939 to 1945, in which Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the United States, China, and other allies defeated Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Yonsei- Fourth generation in Japanese