Nature of Science Exploratorium
about the scientific processes and the habits of mind required
to solve problems, discover the importance of patterns, explore
the relationships between science, technology and society.
PRACTICES AND HABITS OF MIND
of Scientific Knowledge
Learn that scientific knowledge is subject to modification
as new information challenges prevailing theories and as a
new theory leads to looking at old observations in a new way.
Learn that the study of the events that led scientists to
discoveries can provide information about the inquiry process
and its effects.
Learn that accurate record keeping, opennes and replication
are essential to maintaining an investigator's credibility
with other scientists and society.
Learn that a change in one or more variables may alter the
outcome of an investigation.
Recognize that scientific contributions are made by individuals
of diverse backgrounds, interests, talents and motivations.
OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and SOCIETY
and Property Risks
Learn that science ethics demand that scientists must not
knowingly subject coworkers, students, the neighborhood or
the community to health or property risks.
Learn that special care must be taken in using animals in
Learn that in research involving human subjects, the ethics
of science require that potential subjects be fully informed
about the risks and benefits associated with the research
and of their right to refuse to participate.
Learn that technological design should require taking into
account constraints such as natural laws, the properties of
the materials used, and economic, political, social, ethical
and aesthetic values.
Learn that contributions to the advancement of science, mathematics,
and technology have been mae by different kinds of people,
in different cultures, at different times, and are an intrinsic
part of the development of human culture.
Is For All
Learn that no matter who does science and mathematics or invents
things, or when or where they do it, the knowledge and technology
that result can eventually become available to everyone.
Learn that computers speed up and extend people's ability
to collect, sort, and analyze data; prepare research reports;
and share data and ideas with others.