Temple of Romulus
courtesy and ©1997 Leo Curran, Maecenas: Images of
Ancient Greece and Rome
According to a
legend, the city of Rome was founded by twins, Romulus and Remus. Their father was Mars,
the god of war, and their mother was a Latin princess. The Latin King took the infants and
put them in a basket. He abandoned them on the banks of the Tiber River. The King was
afraid the twins might try to take his throne, so he left them to die.
A female wolf
found the twins and fed them her own milk. Finally some shepherds rescued the twins and
raised them as their own children. After growing up the boys decided to build a city in
the place where they had been born. Each brother decided to rule one part of the city.
They each chose a hill from which to rule the new city.
Image Courtesy of Classroom
One day Romulus
and Remus got into a terrible fight. Remus was angry because his brother got a larger part
of the city to rule. Romulus killed Remus in this quarrel. This left Romulus's hilltop
called Palatine the center of the new city. The city was named Rome after Romulus.