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The Romans gave us the calendar. It was
developed when Julius Caesar asked the Alexandrian astronomer Sosigenes to reform the
calendar the Romans were presently using. Sosigenes suggested the new calendar have 365.25
days in a year.
The Roman Senate changed the name of the
month Quintilis to July for Julius, and the name of month Sextilis to August for Augustus.
The calendar became known as the Julian Calendar.
January 1 was the beginning of the year
on the Julian Calendar until 567 A. D. when the Council of Tours changed this to March.
This calendar was used until 1582.
The reason for a change was the Julian
calendar was too long, causing an error of 11 minutes and 14 seconds per year which added
7 days every 1000 years. The new calendar became know as the Gregorian Calendar. The
correction was made by adding leap years every 4 years.
See the meanings of each month on the
||Named for the Roman God Janus, who was
the god of doorways, entrances and beginnings. He has two faces which look in opposite
||Named for Februarius which was the
||Named for the Roman God Mars, who was
the god of war and guardian of the state. Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus.
||Named for the Roman calendar month of
Aprilis. Considered a scared month for the goddess Venus. April also comes from the Latin
word aperire meaning "to open" referring to a spring season, opening of
the flowers and leaves.
||Named for the goddess Maia, the
daughter of Atlas and one of the Pleiades.
||Named for the goddess Juno, wife of
Jupiter and queen of the heavens and gods.
||Named for Julius Caesar in 44 BC.
||Named for the Roman Emperor Augustus in
8 B.C., who was the first emperor of Rome.
||Name came from the Latin word septem
meaning seven, which was the seventh month of the Roman calendar
||Name came from the Latin word octo
meaning eight, which was the eight month of the Roman calendar.
||Name came from the Latin word nove
meaning nine, which was the nineth month of the Roman calendar.
||Name came from the Latin word decem
meaning ten, which was the tenth month of the Roman calendar.