Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy XIII 51-47
Cleopatra & Ptolemy XIV 47-44
Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy XV Cesarion 44-30
Caesar fought some battles in western Asia, North
Africa, and Spain. He meet Cleopatra in Egypt during these travels. Cleopatra and her
brother were the rulers of Egypt. Cleopatra's brother feared his smart sister. He had his
men take Cleopatra out of Egypt. Julius Caesar heard of this and sent for Cleopatra. She
wrapped herself in a rug and had herself delivered to Caesar. Cleopatra and Caesar fell in
Caesar returned to Rome a hero. He began making
changes in the government. Most of these were good changes, but the senators didn't like
Caesar. They thought they were losing power. Two senators named Brutus and Cassius
developed a plot to kill Caesar. They stabbed him 27 times right on the floor of the
senate. Caesar was 58 years old.
Marc Antony was Caesar's
friend. They had been consuls together. The Roman people looked at Antony as a leader.
Citizens expected Antony to take Caesar's place, but Caesar named his heir in his will.
The heir Octavian was only 18 years old. Octavian and Caesar began to control Rome.
Brutus and Cassius were unhappy with the power
Octavian and Caesar had over the people. They decided to go to Greece and raise an army to
fight. Antony and Octavian also raised an army. The two armies fought in Northern Greece.
Brutus and Cassius lost. This made Antony and Octavian masters of the Roman Empire.
Once in power Antony took a trip through parts of the
Near East. He even went to Egypt and fell in love with Cleopatra.
Antony and Octavian each wanted to control the Roman
Empire. They became rivals. Octavian defeated Antony in a sea battle off the coast of
southwest Greece. Antony and Cleopatra killed themselves instead of facing defeat. Antony
stabbed himself to death. After Cleopatra found Antony she wrapped a poisonous snake
around her arm.