Children often took Bibles to read.
The emigrants often put tar under their wagons to make
their wagons waterproof and more stable to cross a river or stream.
Sometimes the pioneers hung things on the outside of
There was a special guidebook that told pioneers the
route, what to buy for the long journey west and many more details.
The Mormon Guide was to be the most reliable.
The pioneers would store eggs in barrels with flour
in them so the eggs wouldn't break.
There were many diseases that the pioneers caught along
the trail such as, malaria, head lice, cholera and scurvy.
Education was usually taught by the older generation,
and the Bible was used as the textbook.
Pioneers would leave messages on old skulls, sticks,
graves, and many other different types of objects along the trail to
help make the trip easier for the next pioneer.
Most pioneers headed west to receive free land, to find
gold and or have religious freedom.
Most of the rules of the trail were made by the people
in the wagon train.
Pioneers had to pay fees for services such as rafting,
ferry crossings, and guides.