The modern B-flat trumpet is used in orchestras, as well as jazz, dance, and marching bands. The trumpet has been made popular by several American jazz musician , Louis Armstrong and miles Davis.
The didjeridu is a unique musical instrument found among the Aborigines of northern Australia. It is an end-blown, straight, trumpet like instrument traditionally made from a termite-hollowed eucalyptus branch.
The French horn, used in hunting in the 17th century, was developed into an orchestra instrument in Germany during the 18th century. The horn pictured here is a double horn, in F and B-flat, and can be switched from one to the other by the depression of a thumb valve.
The tuba, a lip-vibrated wind instrument, was invented in1835 in Berlin and descendant of the bugle. The tuba is the largest member of the brass family of instruments. Musicians usually sit down to play the instrument, holding it in an upright position and resting it against the body. The tuba comes in several sizes, and the largest can be 3 m (9 ft) high.
The trombone developed from the trumpet during the 15th century. An early version of the trombone, known until the 1700s as the sackbut, was designed to sound an octave lower than the trumpet. Its construction included a telescopic slide that was used to change the length of the tubing and alter the instrument's pitch.
The cornet is a member of the brass family of musical instruments. Although it is used occasionally in orchestras, the cornet's most prominent place is in marching or military bands. The cornet is played in the same manner as a trumpet, using valves and lip tension to change notes.