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Soil erosion is actually a natural problem, that is intensified by human activities.
It is the removal of soil by wind and water.
Once an area of soil becomes degraded and eroded, it cannot be used as farmland, and for that reason more land has to be purchased. This comes at great monetary and labour costs, not to mention the
environmental problems caused by the artificial fertilizers that have to be added to the soil to regenerate
Soil erosion is not actually a proven problem worldwide. It is accepted that erosion is occuring but
it is hard to prove, because there have been no real studies on the subject. Not only this, but the statistics gathered
up till now have been taken from small areas and then multiplied various times to convert the answer to that out of a hectare.
Not only are the results certainly wrong, they are also meaningless, because erosion only occurs in certain places, at certain rates.
These rates of erosion are dependant on local conditions, and cannot be used for all parts of the world.
Soil erosion is a problem that is only relevant in some peoples minds, however it has a far reaching effect and we all have to sit up now and take note if we want to curb the problem.
As I mentioned in the 'Introduction to Erosion' erosion is a natural process, that has been aggravated by human
Now, back to physical factors involved.
Erosion has a devastating effect on the environment and on the people who depend on the environment. For this reason it must be prevented at all costs.
As stated erosion is a killer when it comes to animals and plant life. As the fertile top soil is washed and blown away, the plants have no where to grow and eventually wither and die. The area becomes rocky and arid and the animals have nothing to survive on and either move away from the area or die from starvation.
Erosion also effects the people living in that area. When a persons land becomes eroded, he is unable to use it. This means that he must either:
For communities, even people uninvolved in the farming world, the prices of goods will rise and people will have to pay more for essential products. So even if you are not a farmer or cultivator of any kind, erosion can still effect you and cause you to lose out.
Erosion is a problem which needs to be addressed. If we don't look into the problem, we could have a serious problem in a few years when we only have half the amount of land that can be cultivated.
To curb this problem a lot of background work has to be done.
Resources such as rain forests have to be managed carefully, bans of environmentally damaging pesticides should be introduced and everyone involved in cultivation etc. must be aware of the damaging effects of erosion.
There are many restrictions and bans that could help to stop erosion, but if everyone does his/her bit, and everyone, not only farmers and ranchers, adopt an environmentally friendly attitude, the land is as good as saved.