1. Simple Present - To denote general truths or a habitual action.
e.g. 1.He drinks tea every morning.
2. The sun rises in the East.
2. Simple Past - Is used to denote an action which is completed in the past.
e.g. 1. The steamer sailed yesterday.
2. She left school last year.
3. Simple Future - Used to denote actions that we cannot control or might take place. Also
denotes a speculation.
e.g. 1. I shall be twenty next Saturday.
2. I think Pakistan will win the match.
4. Present Continuous - Is used to denote an action going on at the time of speaking or for
denoting an action which has been arranged for in the near future.
e.g. 1. She is singing.
2. I am going for a movie tomorrow.
5. Past Continuous - Is used to denote an action which was going on some time in the past.
Also used for persistent habits in the Past.
e.g. 1. We were listening to the radio all evening.
2. He was always grumbling.
6. Future Continuous - Is used to denote actions which will be in progress at some time at
some time in the future.
e.g. 1. I suppose it will be raining when we start.
2. I will be staying here till Saturday.
7. Present Perfect - Is used to denote completed activities in the immediate past or to denote an jhdkjdkndknaction whose time is not given.
e.g. 1. I have never known him to be angry.
2. He has just gone out.
8. Past Perfect - Is used to denote an action completed before a certain moment in the past.
e.g. 1. I had seen him last five years ago.
2. I had written the letter before he arrived.
9. Future Perfect - Is used to denote actions that will be completed by a certain future time.
e.g. 1. I shall have written my exercise by then.
2. He will have left before you go to see her.
10. Present Perfect Continuous - Is used to denote an action which started some time in the
past and is still continuing.
e.g. 1. They have been building for the past five months.
2. He has been playing for the past four hours.
11. Past Perfect Continuous - Is used to denote an action which began before a certain point
in the past and went on till that time.
e.g. 1. At that time he had been writing a novel for two months.
2. Mr. Anand had been teaching here for six years.
12. Future Perfect Continuous - Is used to denote actions which will be in progress over a
period of time that will end in the future.
e.g. 1. By next March we shall have been living here for four years.
2. Iíll have been teaching for twenty years next July.