Filip Vezdin (Wesdin) (1748-1806), a Croat
born in Lower Austria, was a Carmelitan missionary in India. He
is the author of "Sidharaban", the first printed Sanskrit grammar
in Europe, published in 1790 in Rome. He wrote numerous works
on Indian culture, and in addition to Sanskrit also learned Malayalam,
the Malabar coastal language, in which he wrote his works as well.
At the request of a local ruler, he wrote an English-Portugese-Malayalam
grammar. His works are kept in Rome, Vienna and Uppsala. In 1999
Vezdin's image was carved into the white marble memorial plaque
in the City Museum of Trivandrum, the capital of the Indian state
of Kerala. He is considered as one of pioneers of European indology.
The following text was written in the Sanskrit, malayalam, Croatian
and English languages:
Ivan Filip Vezdin, Burgenland Croat, Discalceate
Carmelite, with the monastic name Paulin of St. Bartholomew,
a missionary in Malabar from 1776 to 1789. The author of the
first printed Sanskrit grammar and forerunner of Indian and
Indo-European studies to the great honour of his homeland and
the Croatian and Indian people.