|Martin Luther King, Jr. encouraged passive
resistance, but many blacks were dissatisfied by the slow, if any,
changes. Despite court rulings, local officials were often hesitant
or slow to enforce the new decisions. Some African Americans began
organizing themselves into groups like the Black Nationalists and
the Black Panther Party, which was formed in 1966 by Huey Newton
and Bobby Seale in California. Most of these groups encouraged the
use of violent tactics for bringing about change.
On August 11, 1965, a six-day riot took place in the Watts
neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The tensions turned into
violent actions and looting that left 34 dead and around 900
Many other cities experienced outbursts of racial tensions and
riots took places such as New York and New Jersey. "Burn, baby,
burn!" and "Get Whitey!" were often heard during the riots.