|In 1925, Asa Philip Randolph (1889-1979), better
known as A. Philip Randolph, formed the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Porters. This union was formed to look out for African-American
railroad workers. The American Federation of Labor (AFL) later
awarded a charter to the group. After the AFL joined with the
Congress of Industrial Organizations to form the AFL-CIO, Randolph
served as vice president and helped to coordinate the civil rights
march on Washington, D.C. during the summer of 1963.