spreads when people with the disease cough tiny droplets containing TB
bacteria into the air, and other people breathe them in.
poorly ventilated areas the germs are more easily spread from the TB
sufferer to another person. People living in overcrowded conditions are
more prone to being infected.
The TB bacilli are so small that they are
invisible to the human eye. The germs are in the person's sputum (spit).
They can only be seen under a microscope.
one person is sick with TB, and not properly treated, that person will
likely infect ten to fifteen others every year. Obviously, the more
people who are coughing up TB germs at any given time, the more people
will become infected. The best way to break this cycle of infection and
disease is to cure infectious TB patients the first time around.
germs can also be spread by dust that has been contaminated by the spitting from an
Gif thanks to the Lupin Group
less common way of spreading this disease is by drinking infected cow's
milk - this is called the bovine strain. This usually results in
tuberculosis in other parts of the body and not in the lungs.
should only drink pasteurized milk as this ensures that it is free of
disease. Do not buy milk from private sellers as they do not pasteurize
their milk and you run the risk of infection.
is not only a disease of the lungs.
disease can affect any part of the body including the kidneys, the
brain, the spine and other vital organs.
Children are more at risk of getting TB in different parts of the body
because their immune systems are not yet fully developed.