Franz Peter Schubert (1797-1828)
In his 31-year lifetime, Schubert
sang in the Imperial Court, worked as a teacher, and composed
over 600 Lieden along with 9 symphonies, several operas,
piano sonatas, and works of choral and chamber music before
dying of syphilis in 1828. Upon death, Schubert asked to
be buried beside Beethoven, whom he admired very much as
a composer. Nevertheless, Schubert possessed his own amazing
talent; by the age of 17, he had already composed several
piano pieces and string quartets, a symphony, and a three-act
opera. In addition he had a truly unique style. He assisted
in establishing the German Lied, and was influenced most
by Goethe, Schiller, Heine, Sir Walter Scott among others
in the construction of his songs. Despite election to the
Vienna Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, a public concert in
1828, and limited publication, Schubert's music was not
very greatly appreciated by his contemporaries. However,
he is greatly admired today for his Lieden and the quality
of his music.
- Erlkönig (1815)
- Heidenröslein (1815)
- Die schöne Müllerin ("The Beautiful
Mill Maiden," 1823)
- Winterreise ("Winter Journey," 1827)
- Gretchen am Spinnrade ("Gretchen and the Spinning
- Die Forelle ("The Trout," 1817)
- Schwanengesang ("Swan Song," 1828)
- Fantasia in C "Wanderer" (1822)
- Symphony No. 8 ("Unfinished," 1822)
- Symphony No. 9 in C major ("The Great,"
- The "Trout" Quintet (1818)
- Die Zwillingsbrüder
- Die Zauberharfe
- Quartet in D minor ("Death and the Maiden,"
- Octet in F (1824)
- String Quartet in C (1828)
- Alfonso und Estrella, Fierabras, Lazarus
Franz Peter Schubert: Master
Hearts Ease: Franz Schubert
The Schubert Institute
The Classical Music Pages. Ed. Matt Boynick.
Feb. 1996. <http://w3.rz-berlin.mpg.de/cmp/classmus.html>
Sony Classical. Sony Music Entertainment.
Longyear, Ray M. Nineteenth-Century Romanticism
in Music. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1988.
Rosen, Charles. The Romantic Generation.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.