Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843)
"I am mortal, born to love and suffer."
Born and educated in Germany, Hölderlin
began writing poems at the age of 14, his first poems were
published in Stäudlin's "Musenalmanach fürs
Jahr 1792" in 1791. A the university of Tübingen,
he studied theology and became great friends with Friedrich
Wilhelm Hegel. Living in Frankfurt in 1793, he lived as
a private tutor and subsequently fell in love with his employer's
wife, Susette Gontard. He met Schiller at this time, who
took the liberty of publishing several of his works. His
Fragment von Hyperion in the "Thalia" (1794).
1798, he left Frankfurt to pursue a literary career. In
Hamburg, he began the second volume of Hyperion,
and a tragedy, Der Tod des Empedokles (1799), as
well as a number of philosophical essays. Upon hearing of
Susette's death in 1802, Hölderlin's sanity began to
wane. In 1807, he was declared incurably insane, and spent
the rest of his life in Tübingen.
Hölderlin's poetry fluctuated between classicism and
romanticism. He was influenced by Schilller and Greek poetry.
He was never celebrated during his time. In fact it was
not until the early 20th century that critics declared him
Germany's greatest poet after Goethe. Notwithstanding, his
contributions to poetry, as well as philosophy, are quite
significant. His inclination towards nature, especially
his admiration for the stars, as well as his excessive use
of classical diction and syntax, he is regarded as the link
between Weimar Classicism and Jena Romanticism.
Der Tod des Empedokles (1799)
"Friedrich Hölderlin." Pegasos- Literature
Related Resources. Kuusankosken Kaupunginkirjasto, Finland.
1999 < http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/>
Kalbhenn, Sven. Hölderlin Homepage.
26 April 1998