Soon after sunset on the day of Arafah, the pilgrims leave for Muzdalifah quietly and reverently in compliance with the advice of the Prophet (SAS) who said when he noticed people walking without calmness: “O people!
Be quiet, hastening is not a sign of
the example of the Prophet (SAS) keep reciting the Talbeyah, glorifying Allah
the Greatest and mentioning the name of Allah until the time of stoning Jamrat
Al-Aqabah, Al-Jamrat-al-Kubra (a stone pillar in Mina). In Muzdalifah, the pilgrim performs Maghrib
and Isha prayers combined, shortening the Isha prayer to two Rak’ah. Pilgrims stay overnight in Muzdalifah to
perform the Fajr prayer and wait until the brightness of the morning is
widespread before they leave for Mina passing through the sacred Mash’ar Al
Haram valley. Women and weak
individuals are allowed to proceed to Mina at any time after Midnight to avoid
BACK TO MINA
Stoning Jamrat Al-Aqabah:
When the pilgrims arrive in Mina, they go to
Jamrat Al-Aqabah where they stone it with seven pebbles glorifying Allah
“Allah-u-Akbar” at each throw and calling on him to accept their Hajj. The time of stoning Jamrat Al-Aqabah is after
sunrise. The Prophet (SAS) threw the
pebbles late in the morning and permitted the weak people to stone after leaving
Muzdalifah after Midnight. The size of
the pebbles should not be more than that of a pea as described by the Prophet
(SAS) who warned against exaggeration.
The pebbles can be picked up either in Muzdalifah or in Mina.
stoning Jamrat Al-Aqabah, the pilgrim goes to slaughter his sacrifice either
personally or through the appointment of somebody else to do it on his
behalf. A pilgrim should slaughter
either a sheep, or share a cow or a camel with six others.
SHAVING THE HEAD OR
TRIMMING THE HAIR:
final rite on the tenth day after offering one’s sacrifice is to shave his head
or to cut some of the hair. Shaving the
head is, however preferable for it was reported that the Prophet prayed three
times for those who shaved their heads, when he said in the meaning of -: “May Allah’s Mercy be upon those who shaved
their heads”. (Bukhari, Muslim) For women, the length of hair to be cut is
that of a fingertip. The stoning of
Jamrat Al-Aqabah and the shaving of head or the trimming of hair symbolizes the
end of the first phase of the state of Ihram and the lifting of its restrictions
except for sexual intercourse with one’s spouse. Stoning Jamrat Al-Aqabah, slaughtering the
sacrifice and shaving the head or cutting part of the hair are preferred to be
in this order, as it is the order that the Prophet (SAS) did them. However, if they are done in any order, there
is no harm in that.
Al-Ifadha is a fundamental rite of Hajj.
The pilgrim makes Tawaf Al-Ifadhah by visiting Al-Masjid Al-Haraam and
circling the Ka’bah seven times and praying two Rak’ah behind Maqam brahim if
possible and without causing any harm to Muslims. Then the pilgrim should make Sa’i between the
Safa and the Marwa. After Tawaf
Al-Ifadhah the state of Ihram is completely ended and all restrictions are
lifted including sexual intercourse with one’s spouse. Tawaf Al-Ifadah can be delayed until the days
spent in Mina are over