First: Errors Related to
pilgrims bypass the designated Station of ihram on their route without either
being in Ihram or entering into ihram there, proceeding until they reach Jeddah
or some other place within the precincts of the Stations, at which they enter
into ihram. This is against the command
of Allah’s Messenger (peace be on him), which stipulates that every pilgrim
should enter into ihram at the Station of ihram which lies on his route.
If this happens to someone, he must either go back
to the Station of ihram lying on his route and there enter into ihram, or he
must make expiation by sacrificing a sheep in Makkah and feeding all its meat to
This applies to all pilgrims regardless of
whether one passes the Station of ihram by air, by sea or by land.
· If one did not pass through one of
the five designated Station of ihram he should enter into ihram at a point which
is nearest to the Station of ihram on his route.
Second: Errors Related to
1. Starting the tawaf at some point other than
the site of the Black Stone, while it is obligatory to begin tawaf from the
2. Doing one’s tawaf inside the Hijr of Isma’il,
which means going around a portion of the K’abah rather than the whole of it
since the Hijr of Isma’il is a part of the K’abah which would then be left out
of tawaf . Such a tawaf is invalid.
3. Doing ramal (i.e., taking quick short steps)
during all seven circuits while ramal is to be done only during the first three
of the Tawaf of arrival (tawaf al-qudum).
Struggling vehemently to
kiss the Black Stone in this process and hitting or pushing people. Such acts, which are injurious to Muslims,
are not permissible.
· It should be noted that the tawaf remains perfectly valid without kissing the Black Stone. If one does not or cannot kiss the Black Stone, it is sufficient simply to point to it, saying “Allahu akbar” when one comes
parallel to it, although one may be at a distance from it.
5. Wiping one’s hand over the Black
Stone, seeking “blessings” (barakah) thereby is an innovation (bid’a) with no
basis in the Shari’ah of Islam. The
Sunnah is to touch it or kiss it only when it can be done easily.
6. Touching the Four Corners of K’abah
or its walls, and wiping one’s hands against them. The Prophet (peace be on him) did not touch
any part of K’abah except the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner.
7. Saying specific formulas of
supplications reserved for each circuit.
The Prophet (peace be on him) did not specify any supplications except to
say “Allahu akbar” when he reached the
Black Stone and, at the end of each circuit between the Yamani Corner and the Black Stone, he
“Rabbana, atina’ fid-duniya hasanatan wa
fil-akhirati hasana wa qina adhaban-nar.”
(Our Lord, give us good in
this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of the
8. Raising one’s voice above the voices
of others: whether in following or leading the tawaf as it causes confusion
among the worshippers.
9. Struggling to pray at the Station
of Ibrahim. This is contrary to the
Sunnah besides being injurious to other worshipers. It is sufficient to pray the two rak’ats of
tawaf after completing one’s tawaf anywhere within the Sacred
Third: Errors Related to
upon Safa and Marwah, some pilgrims face the K’abah and gesticulate toward it
with their hands while saying “Allahu Akbar” as if they were saying takbir for salat.
This gesticulating is
an error because the Prophet (peace be on him) raised him palms only for
supplication. Here you may glorify and
magnify Allah the Most High, supplicating Him in any words you wish while facing
the direction of the K’abah. It is
preferable to recite the dhikr
which the Prophet (peace be on
him) recited at Safa and Marwah.
2. Accelerating one’s pace
throughout the entire distance between the two hills. The Sunnah
accelerate one’s pace only between the two green posts, while walking at normal
pace the remainder of the way.
Fourth: Errors Related to
1. Some pilgrims camp outside the
boundaries of ‘Arafat and remain there until the sun has set; then they depart
for Muzdalifah without standing at ‘Arafat properly. This is a serious error which invalidates
standing in Arafat is the essence of hajj,
it is obligatory to be within its boundaries and not outside them, if it is not
easy to do that, they may enter before sunset and remain there until
sunset. It is quite acceptable to stand
in Arafat during the night of sacrifice in particular.
2. Departing from ‘Arafat before the sun has set is
not permissible, because the messenger of Allah (peace be on him) stayed at
‘Arafat’ until the sun had set completely.
Struggling through crowds in order to climb Mount ‘Arafat is not
permissible, because it causes much harm and injury to others. The entire Plain of ‘Arafat is a place of
standing and neither climbing Mount ‘Arafat nor making salah
there has been recommended.
Making supplications facing Mount ‘Arafat’ is incorrect because the
Sunnah is to face
qiblah while making
Making heaps of earth or pebbles: during the day of ‘Arafat’ at
particular places, by some people, has no base in the Shariah of Allah.
Errors related to Muzdalifah:
start collecting pebbles to throw at the Stone Pillars in Mina as soon as they
arrive in Muzdalifah prior to praying the Magrib and
Isha prayers. This is not collected at Muzdalifah.
Some pilgrims wash the pebbles, but this is not