History of Gardening: A Timeline
Garden at Sigiriya
in Sri Lanka
writes about his Roman villa in Lac d'Aydat in Auvergne, France.
of Southeast Asia (Nan-fang ts'ao-mu chuang) by Hui-lin Li.
of coffee takes place in Arabia until 800. [Baker 1978]
drinking popular in Arabia.
year 2000, coffee imports and exports are second only to oil on the world
Imoko, Japanese Buddhist
priest and scholar, living by a lake "ikebono", developed an elemental
Ikebana flower arrangement style.
emperor Yang-ti constructs the vast imperial garden called The Western
China - "City of Gardens"; Pi Jiang Garden.
Fiacre - Patron Saint of Gardeners ( 620-670)
Trees of the Celts
Venerable Bede, Saint Bede (673-735) English historian, scholar,
Natura Rerum - Medieval science. Many notes on monastic
the Green Man in art and lore becomes widespread in Christian Europe.
Internet resources include: The
Search for the Green Man and Who
is the Green Man. Books on the subject include: Green
Man: The Archetype of Our Oneness with the Earth by William Anderson,
1990. The Green Man by Kathleen Basford, 1978. The Jack
in The Green by Roy Judge, 1979.
capture Chinese papermakers at Samarkand and adopt the process for papermaking.
of Baghdad is a center of Arab Islamic culture. Extensive scientific
work on agriculture and botany for many centuries before and after.
(742-812) King of Franks, Emperor of Western Europe, patron of arts,
sciences, and literature. Experimented with plants in a private garden
and coordinated planting efforts on estates.
Liber de Cultura Hortorum (Book Concerning the Cultivation of Gardens).
Walafridus Strabo (809-849).
Spain, center for botanical studies and libraries
and learning. Information.
and Medieval Studies Links
commonly eaten in China.
Great Hunger of 1044: The Progress of a Medieval Famine
Trees in Celtic Traditions
of Genji. Japanese court novel describes aristocratic gardens.
Book of Agriculture. Ibn Bassal, Arab botanist, plant
collector, and horticulturist.
Arab libraries in Toledo, Spain, provide Europeans access to sophisticated
Islamic and Greek writings in science and agriculture. The success
of Arab agriculture in Andalusia, Spain, is renowned.
Tachibana no Toshitsuna. Japan treatise on garden design.
emperor Hui-tsung has the famous Ken Yeh Garden "The Impregnable Peak"
system in Europe. A manor was roughly 900 to 2,000 acres of arable
writing on Andalusian agriculture and garden design.
Baitar writing on medicinal plants: Collection of Simple Drugs and
China becomes popular in Japan.
botanical garden founded. A medicinal or physic garden which still
exists today, although in a different location.
Frances of Assisi (1182-1126). A holy man now known for his love
of animals and nature, and his kindness.
Buddhist priest Eisai (1141-1215) utilized a tea
ritual as praticed in Chinese Buddhist temples.
about the spontaneous generation of organisms.
Albert the Great. (1193-1280).
Polo visits the palace garden of the Mogol ruler, Kubilai, in China.
Then he reports on visiting the famous Hsi Hu (West Lake) imperial gardens
in the largest and probably most advanced city in the world at the time
- (Kinsay) Hangchou,
China. He brought some new pasta making techniques back
Ruralium Commodorum, by Petrus de Crescentiis of Bologna.
(Moss Garden) of Muso Soseki, Japan.
dogs used on European manors.
formal gardens of the Moorish Arabs (e.g., Generallife in the Alhambra,
Spain) set standards.
Giovanni Boccaccio. County gardens provide a retreat for those fleeing
Death in Europe. A plague that reduced the population of Europe by
Feate of Gardening.
for Designing Mountain, Water, and Hillside Field Landscapes.
Japanese landscape architect.
Yoshimasa of Japan made flower
arrangement part of universal education.
Gutenberg began printing with moveable type in Mainz, Germany.
By 1500, the world of ideas would never be the same in Western Europe because
of this single invention.