of the biggest encyclopedias about the plant kingdom on the Earth is the
Royal Botanic Gardens (known as the Kew Gardens), located on the bank of
the Thames, in the western part of London. With its rich collection of
plants and detailed botanic resources, the Kew Gardens have a world-famous
reputation of being a stunning place both to admire and to learn from.
Kew Gardens originally surrounded a royal estate and belonged to the Royal
family until 1840, when they were turned over to the state. And it was
under the state’s management when the Kew Gardens took on their present-day
centerpiece of the Kew Gardens composition is a large oblong lake, on the
bank of which is located the Chinese Pagoda, 165 feet (50 meters) high.
The gardens are also decorated with numerous architectural elements, such
as figures of shepherds and a statue of an athlete struggling with a snake.
In general, the park composition consists of a number of different gardens,
each fascinating with its unique features. Among these are the Duke’s Garden,
housing ornamental herbaceous plants, the Alpine House, displaying mountain
plants, the Rhododendron Dell, which in May and June becomes picturesque
with the various color patterns of rhododendrons – yellow, red, pink, white
and purple, the Aquatic and Rose Gardens, and many others.
large greenhouses add to the beauty (and botanical purpose) of the gardens.
The iron-and-glass structure of the Palm House, 66 feet high, contains
mainly woody species and flowers, collected all over the nation. The Temperate
House is the other greenhouse, another interesting building to visit.
mentioned above, the Kew Gardens attract not only plant admirers but also
botanists from all over the world who use the Kew collections for their
studies. Moreover, the administration of Kew Gardens is interested in the
preservation of plant species, threatened with extinction and cooperates
with other botanical gardens to solve specific area problems. Extensive
scientific research is carried out, conferences are conducted and even
educational opportunities are offered at the Royal Botanic Gardens. It
is worth mentioning that one of the world’s most popular botanical libraries
is right here.