he re-birth of humanity was completed during the 15th and 16th century.
The new ideas of admiring human and nature influenced everything Ė all
institutions, sciences and arts. And since it was Italy which first broke
the chains of the medieval rejection of all delights derived from the material
world, the new trend carrying humanistic and antique concepts was called
Italianism. It gradually penetrated the culture of all European countries.
Of course, France didnít
stand out of the current. As far as garden design is concerned, French
aristocrats employed some of the best Italian architects to construct modern
villas with parks for them. None of the gardens which were laid out at
that time attained the design quality of their Italian models, though.
The preferred forms of expression were square ornamental beds, strictly
arranged pathways and rows of trees. All of them could be observed in the
French Renaissance masterpiece gardens and parks (Amboise, Blois, Villandry,
Fountainebleau, etc.). The 16th century in France was the time for transition
and self-discovery in terms of garden design. It resulted in the unique
style of French classicism.
Banks of the Marne (Villa on the Bank of a River)
Oil on canvas. 65.5x81.3
cm; France. Circa 1888
State Museum of New Western
Art, Moscow. 1930
- 1600 Renaissance