Painter name: Wassily Kandinsky
Form of art belong: Expressionism
Wassily Kandinsky was Russian painter. He played a pivotal role in the development of abstract art.
Kandinsky was born in Moscow, December 4, 1866, he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich, Germany, from 1896 to 1900. His early paintings were executed in a naturalistic style, but in 1909, after a trip to Paris during which he was highly impressed by the works of the Fauves and postimpressionists, his paintings became more highly colored and loosely. Around 1913 he began working on paintings that came to be considered the first totally abstract works in modern art. In 1911, along with Franz Marc and other German expressionists, Kandinsky formed "The Blue Rider" group. which painters produced both abstract and figurative works with brilliant colors and complex patterns.
In 1912 Kandinsky published Concerning the Spiritual in Art, the first theoretical treatise on abstraction. He also taught at the Moscow Academy of Fine Arts from 1918 to 1921 and at the Bauhaus in Dessau, Germany, from 1922 to 1933. After World War I (1914-1918), Kandinsky's abstractions became increasingly geometric in form, as he abandoned his earlier fluid style in favor of sharply etched outlines and clear patterns. His paintings is composed solely of lines, circles, arcs, and other simple elegant geometric forms. Kandinsky died in Neuilly-sur-Seine, a suburb of Paris, on December 13, 1944.