Illegal Serves & Service Faults
There are several types of illegal serves possible in volleyball. A player must wait for the referee's signal to serve the ball.
The server has five seconds to serve the ball after the referee's signal and the ball must be clearly tossed or dropped before contact. If there is a bad toss, the server must let the ball drop
to the floor before re-tossing. Only one more toss is allowed. The serve must be made by striking the ball with one hand or arm, and a player may not push or throw the ball during the
service action. As in tennis, a foot fault occurs when any part of the server's foot touches the endline or playing court before contact of the serve. It also happens when the server, steps
outside the hashmarks designating the service area, or when any of the other eleven players step outside the playing court at the time of service. If a player serves while not in the
correct rotation order, it is considered an illegal serve.
It is a service fault if the serve hits the net, goes under the net, hits an obstruction, or hits a teammate. If the serve hits outside the boundary lines or goes directly over, outside of, or
touches the net antennas, the serve is also a fault.
If the receiving team is found to be overlapping at the same time as the server makes an illegal serve, the illegal serve is considered to have happened first and is penalized with a
sideout to the receiving team. If a service fault occurs, and the receiving team is overlapping, the overlapping occurred first, and the receiving team is penalized by awarding a point to the serving team.
If a team has served out of order, the team loses the service and any points gained while serving out of order, if it is discovered before the opponents serve. The players of the team
at fault must immediately resume their correct positions on the court.