- Phone number at
which you can be reached or receive messages.
- Job or career
- References-- often
just a statement that references are available suffices. If
your references are likely to be known by the person who reads
the resume, however, their names are worth listing.
- Special talents.
- Personal information--
height, weight, marital status, physical condition. Although
this information appears on virtually every sample resume
I have ever seen, it is not important according to recruiters.
In fact, employers are prohibited by law from asking for some
of it. If some of this information is directly job related--the
height and weight of a bouncer is important to a disco owner,
for example, list it. Otherwise, save space and put in more
information about your skills.
Reverse chronology is the easiest method to
use. It is also the least effective because it makes when you
did something more important than what you can do. It is an
especially poor format if you have gaps in your work history,
if the job you seek is very different from the job you currently
hold, or if you are just entering the job market. About the
only time you would want to use such a resume is when you have
progressed up a clearly defined career ladder and want to move
up a rung.
Resumes that are not chronological may be
called functional, analytical, skill oriented, creative, or
some other name. The differences are less important than the
similarity, which is that all stress what you can do. The advantage
to a potential employer--and, therefore, to your job campaign--should
be obvious. The employer can see immediately how you will fit
the job. This format also has advantages for many job hunters
because it camouflages gaps in paid employment and avoids giving
prominence to irrelevant jobs.
begin writing a functional resume by determining the skills
the employer is looking for. Again, study the job description
for this information. Next, review your experience and education
to see when you demonstrated the ability sought. Then prepare
the resume itself, putting first the information that relates
most obviously to the job. The result will be a resume with
headings such as "Engineering," "Computer Languages," "Communications
Skills," or "Design Experience." These headings will have much
more impact than the dates that you would use on a chronological
Fit yourself to a form. Some large employers,
such as fast food restaurants and government agencies, make
more use of application forms than of resumes. The forms suit
the style of large organizations because people find information
more quickly if it always appears in the same place. However,
creating a resume before filling out an application form will
still benefit you. You can use the resume when you send a letter
inquiring about a position. You can submit a resume even if
an application is required; it will spotlight your qualifications.
And the information on the resume will serve as a handy reference
if you must fill out an application form quickly. Application
forms are really just resumes in disguise anyway. No matter
how rigid the form appears to be, you can still use it to show
why you are the person for the job being filled.
At first glance, application forms seem to
give a job hunter no leeway. The forms certainly do not have
the flexibility that a resume does, but you can still use them
to your best advantage. Remember that the attitude of the person
reading the form is not, "Let's find out why this person is
unqualified," but, "Maybe this is the person we want." Use all
the parts of the form--experience blocks, education blocks,
and others--to show that that person is you.