Disadvantages of cloning
June 1998, president Clinton publicly condemned human cloning. He opined that
¡¥any discovery that touches upon human creation is not simply a matter of
scientific inquiry. It is a matter of morality and spirituality as well. Each
human life is unique, born of a miracle that reaches beyond laboratory
science.¡¦ When did president Clinton condemn human cloning so resolutely? What
are the reasons lurking behind actually? Let us start discussing the reasons of
opposing cloning deeply.
uncertainty of science technology
and technology cannot solve everything. What if we allow to human cloning? Have
we ever thought of the results of that? Will the results be controllable? Even
scientists cannot promise they can. Obviously, there are some potential crises
lurking behind. Of course, these kinds of uncertainty are not reasonable to stop
all the developments of science and technology. But we believer that we should
ban such extreme cases (such as human cloning) as long as they have potential in
damaging humans¡¦ future.
in cloning Dolly, it resulted in the death of many embryos and newborns before
success achieved. (The Dolly experiment started with 277 fused eggs, of which
only 29 became embryos. All the embryos were transferred to 13 sheep. 1 became
pregnant with Dolly.) In addition, even if the human clone survived, it is not
guaranteed that it would develop normally. The genetic material in cloning Dolly
came from a 6 year old mammal (what is an old stage of sheep). Dolly¡¦s
chromosomes could be found in older animals only. This finding made scientists
start wondering whether Dolly, looking totally normal from its appearance, might
have inherited genetic damage that would be shown in older age only or some
the diversity of genes
can live on the Earth relies on the diversity of genes. And the diversity of
genes comes from parents having different sets of genes. The most horrendous
part of identical genes is that it will weaken our power and adaptations, which
make us subjected to great diseases easily. In addition, human cloning is just
copying the identical genes, which means it will decrease the diversity of
the beauty of humanity lies in the differences we see in each other. Cloning
would eliminate surprise and predict expectancy.
great diseases and leading to extinction
mentioned above, in human cloning, all human beings will be identical. Which
means that entire human is at a risk of getting infected by the same type of
pathogen. In scientific point of view, if every one has the same type of genes
and they are closed to each other they may not defend against the same kind of
serious disease. Then cloning will be detrimental in terms of a great disaster.
negative effect of cloning is inbreeding, as everyone has the same genotype and
keep reproducing among themselves. This would lead us to our own extinction
Nicholson of the British Bulletin of Medical Ethics said that cloning research
may well be ¡§sowing the seeds of our own destruction.¡¨
is ¡§playing God¡¨
clergymen opined human cloning is playing the role of god. Bishop of Catholic
Albert Moraczewski mentioned that the power that God gives humans is over the
fish, the birds, and all animals, domestic and wild, large and small. (Genesis,
chapter1, verse 26). Adam and Eve have all the power, except they cannot eat the
fruit of the tree that gives knowledge of what is good and what is bad. If they
do so, they will die. So, Albert Moraczewski believes that human cloning is out
of the God¡¦s permission. There is no evidence that proves humans have the
right to change God¡¦s will.
cloning transgresses nature, because it is not via the natural reproductive
process, which is by a man and a woman. Human cloning is creating life.
clone makes no differences as us. A clone must ear, drink and carry out any
other metabolic processes in order to survive. The clone may even be better than
his original host. It would be inhumane to treat them as ¡¥special species¡¦.
If human is cloned, this will turn us to be a property which can be sold to
anybody else. In other words, selling humans is unethical, inhumane and immoral.
parenting and family life
basic concept of a family is a couple falls in love and determines to care each
other. Then the couple may decide to have children which they will love them
dearly. But parents of clones might value their children according to how much
they look like to themselves. Cloning, at a result, undermine the basic elements
of loving, nurturing family and to accept each child as an unique individual.
unbalance to the society
may arouses social side effects. It is ridiculous that reproduction is separated
from love and other human relationship. The entire world may use cloning for
eugenics that would lead to efforts to selectively breed children who are of
more intelligent, heavier and extraordinary.
that oppose cloning
In 1997- Feb, Carl Felbaum, president of the Biotechnology Industry Organization
said: ¡¥One of the prospects should not be, perhaps should never be, the
extension of this technique to human beings. Now that it may be possible we
would say its should be prohibited if necessary by law.¡¨
Stephen Grebe, an associate professor of biology at American University in
Washington said: ¡§we are going to be facing this issue with humans. With that
possibility open, I am concerned without adequate safeguards that this will
become a reality. It may very well already be.¡¨
Jesse Rainbow, a university sophomore, lists reasons why some people have a
knee-jerk aversion to embryo cloning. A clone would not be a ¡§real person¡¨.
But a clone would have exactly the same status that an identical twin already
does. Both are derived from a single fertilized ovum.