In the Old Kingdom anklets were worn only by women , During the IVth, Vth and VIth Dynasties, anklets were usually made of beads threaded in several rows held together with spacer-bars. In the Middle Kingdom, it was worn by both men and women. A new design appeared consisting of a single or double string of amethyst beads from which hung a claw-pendant. During the XVIIIth Dynasty, anklets were very common and are shown as the normal wear for men and women as well as for the gods.
The narrow bangles of Predynastic Times continued to be worn in the Old Kingdom, but a new type of bracelet appeared consisting of rows of beads joined together by spacer-bars. Some bracelets can only have been made to be put in graves. The designs of the Old Kingdom continued in the Middle Kingdom but display four completely new features will exemplified in the finds from Dahshur and El-Lahun. There is a new type of gold spacer-bar, a new inlaid clasp and new amulets in the form of lions used exclusively for bracelets.
The broad bead collar is one of the most characteristic ornaments worn by the ancient Egyptians, both men and women. Collars were a necessary part of the funeral equipment since they had protective powers as amulets
The usekh-collar first appears in the IVth Dynasty and it continues unchanged until the end of the Middle Kingdom and , with some variations. A narrower type of collar was also in use. The large collar of Middle Kingdom made of ankh-,djed-, and was-signs with falcon-head terminals, the broad collar usekh, continued to be the main type of collar worn by men and women.
The diadem, which have survived from the Old Kingdom, are purely funerary. Two types have been found: a simple band of metal with a stylized papyrus knot or a bow at the back, and an elaborate diadem decorated with akh-birds between papyrus-heads. The third type of diadem is much the most elaborate and was worn only by princesses and the wives of high officials . It consisted of the usual circlet with papyrus-knot and streamers at the back, but with more flowers added round the band.
Middle Kingdom headdresses are much more varied than those of the Old Kingdom. The diadems so far found show that a tree or plumes could be attached to the back. But there are illustrations of this period which show a single lotus flower in this position.
The earliest New Kingdom diadem to be discovered belonged to king Nubkheperre Antef and is so fragile that it must have been made especially for the burial.
Although Vernier says that there were no earrings before the XVIIIth Dynasty, he records in his catalogue one of the XIth Dynasty and one of the XIIth Dynasty. Since earrings don't appear in the painted Coffin-friezes of the Middle Kingdom it may safely be inferred that they weren't part of the royal equipment during the Old Kingdom. Nor are earrings shown in the Old Kingdom sculpture apart from one notable example. It is a statue of a man of the Vth Dynasty. The earliest representation of earrings being worn by Egyptian occur in two Theban tombs in the XVIIIth Dynasty.
Some simple hoops of gold and copper have been found at Matmar, on the fingers of skeletons in graves which date from the Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period. In the Middle Kingdom (The XIIth Dynasty), the rings with scarabs as a bezel appeared and some of them are uninscribed. The rings with a rectangular plaque bezel on a swivel came into fashion during the New Kingdom. Also the signet-rings were among the jewels given as rewards by the kings. The famous rings which belong to Tutankhamun, most of them were found on the royal mummy. The shape of finger-rings changed to a very distinctive form during the XXVIth Dynasty.
The rings are cast from gold or silver and the bezel is thick and raised high above the shank. One of the most famous of these rings belonged to a priest of Isis and Cheops, Neferibre.
In the Old Kingdom , there are two kinds: an apron of beads attached to the bottom of an usekh-collar and a similar trapeze-shaped apron. In the Middle Kingdom, there are no certain representations of men wearing pectorals. Although men had worn them in the Old Kingdom and the shape during the Middle Kingdom a small trapeze form , sometimes enclosed in a frame in the form of a shrine.
In the New Kingdom, the inlaid pectorals were found only in the treasures of Queen Ahhotep and king Tutankhamun, although they are on wall-paintings and coffins through out the XVIIIth Dynasty. No pectorals have been found dating from the Late Period but they were on statues.
Language: Aspects of writing | Linguistic Features | Hieroglyphs etc.Gods
Gods: Isis | Ra | Set | Osiris | Qebhsennef | Maat
Pyramids: Building stones | Egypt Land of the pyramids | Canstruction of Pyramids | Huni's Pyramid | Zoser's step Pyramid | Sneferu's Pyramid | The solar Boat | The grest pyeamid of cheops | Chephren's pyramid | Senusert I's pyramid | Sphinx
Paint: Introduction | Subjects of paint scenes
sports: Introduction | Chariots-training horses | Running | Combating sports | Aquatic sports | Competition | Games and toys | Acrobtics
jewellery: Introduction | Gold | Silver | The precious & semi-precious Stones | The substitutes of precious stones | Same kinds of jewellery | Discoveries of jewellery
Sculpture: Introduction | Old kingdom statues | Middle kingdom statues | New kingdom statues