We do not use will to
say what somebody has already arranged or decided to do in the future:
often, when we talk about the future, we are not talking about what somebody has
decided to do. For example:
Do you think Ann will pass the exam?
Yes, she’ll pass easily.
‘She’ll pass’ does not mean
‘she has decided to pass’. Joe is saying what he knows or thinks will
happen. He is predicting the future.
we predict a future happening or situation, we use will/won’t.
Jill has been away a long time. When she returns, she’ll find
a lot of changes.
‘Where will you be this time next year?’ ‘I’ll
be in Japan.’
That plate is very hot. If you touch it, you’ll burn
Tom won’t pass the examination. He hasn’t worked
hard enough for it.
When will you know your exam results?
often use will (’ll) with:
▪ I’ll probably be home late
▪ I haven’t
seen Carol today. I expect she’ll phone this evening.
sure ▪ Don’t
worry about the exam. I’m sure you’ll phone this evening.
▪ Do you think
Sarah will like the present we bought her?
▪ I don’t think the exam will be very difficult.
I wonder what will happen.
After (I) hope, we generally use the present:
we use will to talk about the future, but sometimes we use will to
talk about now. for
shall …. /we shall…
Normally we use shall only with I and we.
You can say I
shall or I will (I’ll), we shall or we will (we’ll):
shall be tired this evening. (or I will be …)
shall probably go to Scotland for our holiday.
(or We will probably go….)
In spoken English we
normally use I’ll and we’ll:
The negative of shall is shall not or shan’t:
Do not use shall with he/she/it/you/they: