The Code of
Hammurabi is one of the most ancient written law
known to men. Hammurabi, the king, reigned from
1792 to 1750 BC. He was one of the first rulers
who organized the administration of justice in a
written law. This law, known as the Code of
Hammurabi, consisted of 282 provisions in
categories such as family, labor, trade, etc.
This is the first form of a written legal system,
which has a lot of parallelism with the American
It is one of the greated
achievements made by Mesopotamian. It offered a
model form of law case in one country. It told
people law was made by god and people have to
follow it. And it told people law is right and
the people have to obey what rules they had.
Of course, you
cam see there is some effect made by religion.
The Code of Hammurabi emphasizes that law is
sacred and inviolable. But The Code of Hammurabi
will give different extent punishment to crimal
accordding to one's level in the country.
On other words,
people will get different punishment accordding
to their own levels in the country. People could
be classified two most basic levels in the code:
nationals ( Babylonia,man ) and slaves.
See the example:
If a man put out the eye of another man,
his eye shall be put out.
If he put out the eye of a man's slave,
or break the bone of a man's slave, he
shall pay one-half of its value.