Machu Picchu - Part 2
A fantastic tourist spot, the site is located 800m above the Urubamba River and rainforest and flanked by snow-capped mountains, Machu Piccu is accessible by the Inca trail which takes 4 days to complete. The site was probably built by Pachacuti Inca as a royal estate and religious retreat in 1460-70 but deserted 80 years later before the onslaught of the Spaniards. A testimony to the engineering abilities of the Andean people, the site was built without mortar. On the right is a photo of an Inca wall.
famed Intihuatana Stone at Machu Picchu literally translated means the
hitching post of the Sun. It is carved from an 80 foot high granite rock.
During the winter solstice the symbolic attachment of a line to this stone
was supposed to prevent the Sun from disappearing. It has been claimed
to be a gnomon that casts shadows allowing one to mark the passage of
time. However, measurements of the stone and its orientations and lack
of evidence do not show this in any way. Back