Johann Mendel was born on July 22, 1822 to peasant parents in a
small agrarian town in Czechoslovakia. During his childhood he
worked as a gardener, and as a young man attended the Olmutz
Philosophical Institute. In 1843 he entered an Augustinian
monastery in Brunn, Czechoslovakia.
He was later sent to the University of
Vienna to study. By both his professors at University and his colleagues
at the monastery, Mendel was inspired to study variance in plants.
He commenced his study in his
monastery's experimental garden. Mendel maintained little square
plots in his monastery garden in which he grew strains of pea
plants and experimented with different crosses.
Between 1866 and 1863, Mendel
cultivated and tested some 28000 pea plants. His experiments
brought forward 2 generalisations which later became known as
Mendel's Laws of Heredity.
Mendel is known as the Father of